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Witter, Sophie and Ilboudo, Patrick G. C. and Cunden, Nadia and Boukhalfa, C and Makoutode, P and Daou, Z (2016) Delivery fee exemption and subsidy policies: how have they affected health staff? Findings from a four-country evaluation. Health Policy and Planning. ISSN 02681080
Witter, Sophie and Boukhalfa, C and Cresswell, Jenny A. and Daou, Z and Filippi, Veronique and Ganaba, Rasmané and Goufodji, S and Lange, Isabelle and Marchal, Bruno and Richard, Fabienne (2016) Cost and impact of policies to remove and reduce fees for obstetric care in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Morocco. International Journal for Equity in Health, 15 (1). pp. 123-142. ISSN 1475-9276
Bertone, Maria Paulo and Lagarde, M and Witter, Sophie (2016) Performance-based financing in the context of the complex remuneration of health workers: findings from a mixed-method study in rural Sierra Leone. BMC Health Services Research, 16 (1). ISSN 1472-6963
Woodward, Aniek and Sondorp, Egbert and Witter, Sophie and Martineau, Tim (2016) Health systems research in fragile and conflict-affected states: a research agenda-setting exercise. Health Research Policy and Systems, 14 (1). ISSN 1478-4505
Namakula, Justine and Witter, Sophie and Ssengooba, Freddie (2016) Health worker experiences of and movement between public and private not-for-profit sectors—findings from post-conflict Northern Uganda. Human Resources for Health, 14 (1). ISSN 1478-4491
Ganaba, Rasmané and Ilboudo, Patrick G. C. and Cresswell, Jenny A. and Yaogo, Maurice and Diallo, Cheick Omar and Richard, Fabienne and Cunden, Nadia and Filippi, Veronique and Witter, Sophie (2016) The obstetric care subsidy policy in Burkina Faso: what are the effects after five years of implementation? Findings of a complex evaluation. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16 (1). ISSN 1471-2393
Witter, Sophie and Brikci, Nouria and Harris, Tim and Williams, Richard and Keen, Sarah and Mujica, Anna and Jones, Alex and Murray-Zmijewski, Alex and Bale, Barbara and Leigh, Bailah and Renner, Ade (2016) The Sierra Leone Free Health Care Initiative (FHCI): process and effectiveness review. Technical Report. HEART (Health & Education Advice & Resource Team).
Wurie, Haja R and Samai, Mohamed and Witter, Sophie (2016) Retention of health workers in rural Sierra Leone: findings from life histories. Human Resources for Health, 14 (3). ISSN 1478-4491
Ensor, Tim and So, Sovannarith and Witter, Sophie (2016) Exploring the influence of context and policy on health district productivity in Cambodia. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, 14 (1). ISSN 1478-7547
Vaughan, Kelsey and Kok, Maryse C and Witter, Sophie and Dieleman, Marjolein (2015) Costs and cost-effectiveness of community health workers: evidence from a literature review. Human Resources for Health, 13 (1). ISSN 1478-4491
McPake, Barbara and Edoka, Ijeoma P and Witter, Sophie and Kielmann, Karina (2015) Economic Evaluation of Community Based in Low and Middle Income Countries - A literature review, country case studies and a generalized cost-effectiveness model. Project Report. World Health Organisation.
McPake, Barbara and Edoka, Ijeoma P and Witter, Sophie and Kielmann, Karina and Taegtmeyer, Miriam and Dieleman, Marjolein and Vaughan, Kelsey and Gama, Elvis and Kok, Maryse and Datiko, Daniel and Otiso, Lillian and Ahmed, Rukhsana and Squires, Neil and Suraratdecha, Chutima and Cometto, Giorgio (2015) Cost–effectiveness of community-based practitioner programmes in Ethiopia, Indonesia and Kenya. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93 (9). 631-639A. ISSN 0042-9686
McPake, Barbara and Witter, Sophie and Ssali, S and Wurie, H. and Namakula, J and Ssengooba, F (2015) Ebola in the context of conflict affected states and health systems: case studies of Northern Uganda and Sierra Leone. Conflict and Health, 9 (1). ISSN 1752-1505
Bertone, M. P. and Witter, Sophie (2015) The complex remuneration of human resources for health in low-income settings: policy implications and a research agenda for designing effective financial incentives. Human Resources for Health, 13 (62). ISSN 1478-4491
Witter, Sophie and Falisse, J-B and Bertone, M. P. and Alonso-Garbayo, A and Martins, J S and Salehi, A S and Pavignani, E and Martineau, T (2015) State-building and human resources for health in fragile and conflict-affected states: exploring the linkages. Human Resources for Health, 13 (33). ISSN 1478-4491
Witter, Sophie and Wurie, H. and Bertone, M. P. (2015) The free health care initiative: how has it affected health workers in Sierra Leone? Health Policy and Planning. ISSN 0268-1080
Bertone, M. P. and Witter, Sophie (2015) An exploration of the political economy dynamics shaping health worker incentives in three districts in Sierra Leone. Social Science & Medicine, 141. pp. 56-63. ISSN 02779536
Graham, Wendy J and Witter, Sophie (2014) Counting what counts for maternal mortality. The Lancet, 384 (9947). pp. 933-935. ISSN 01406736
Namakula, J and Witter, Sophie (2014) Living through conflict and post-conflict: experiences of health workers in northern Uganda and lessons for people-centred health systems. Health Policy and Planning, 29 (suppl). ii6-ii14. ISSN 0268-1080
Witter, Sophie and Jones, A and Ensor, T (2014) How to (or not to) ... measure performance against the Abuja target for public health expenditure. Health Policy and Planning, 29 (4). pp. 450-455. ISSN 0268-1080
Bertone, M. P. and Samai, Mohamed and Edem-Hotah, Joseph and Witter, Sophie (2014) A window of opportunity for reform in post-conflict settings? The case of Human Resources for Health policies in Sierra Leone, 2002–2012. Conflict and Health, 8 (1). p. 11. ISSN 1752-1505
Marchal, Bruno and Van Belle, Sara and De Brouwere, Vincent and Witter, Sophie (2013) Studying complex interventions: reflections from the FEMHealth project on evaluating fee exemption policies in West Africa and Morocco. BMC Health Services Research, 13 (469). ISSN 1472-6963
Cometto, Giorgio and Witter, Sophie (2013) Tackling health workforce challenges to universal health coverage: setting targets and measuring progress. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91 (11). pp. 881-885. ISSN 0042-9686
Bertone, M. P. and Meessen, Bruno and Clarysse, Guy and Hercot, David and Kelley, Allison and Kafando, Yamba and Lange, Isabelle and Pfaffmann, Jérôme and Ridde, Valéry and Sieleunou, Isidore and Witter, Sophie (2013) Assessing communities of practice in health policy: a conceptual framework as a first step towards empirical research. Health Research Policy and Systems, 11 (39). ISSN 1478-4505, ESSN: 1478-4505 (In Press)
Witter, Sophie and Toonen, Jurrien and Meessen, Bruno and Kagubare, Jean and Fritsche, György and Vaughan, Kelsey (2013) Performance-based financing as a health system reform: mapping the key dimensions for monitoring and evaluation. BMC Health Services Research, 13 (367). ISSN 1472-6963
McPake, Barbara and Witter, Sophie and Ensor, Tim and Fustukian, Suzanne and Newlands, D and Martineau, T and Chirwa, Y (2013) Removing financial barriers to access reproductive, maternal and newborn health services: the challenges and policy implications for human resources for health. Human Resources for Health, 11. ISSN 1478-4491
Zou, G and Wei, X and Witter, Sophie and Yin, J and Walley, J and Liu, S and Yang, H and Chen, J and Tian, G and Mei, J (2013) Incremental cost-effectiveness of improving treatment results among migrant tuberculosis patients in Shanghai. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 17 (8). pp. 1056-1064. ISSN 10273719
Richard, Fabienne and Antony, Matthieu and Witter, Sophie and Kelley, Allison and Sieleunou, Isidore and Kafando, Yamba and Meessen, Bruno (2013) Fee Exemption for Maternal Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of 11 Countries and Lessons for the Region. Global Health Governance, 6 (2). pp. 52-72. ISSN 1939-2389
Witter, Sophie and Jones, A and Ensor, Tim (2013) How to (or not to) . . . measure performance against the Abuja target for public health expenditure. Health policy and planning. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0268-1080
Chirwa, Y and Witter, Sophie and Munjoma, M and Mashange, W and Ensor, Tim and McPake, Barbara and Munyati, S (2013) The human resource implications of improving financial risk protection for mothers and newborns in Zimbabwe. BMC Health Services Research, 13. p. 197. ISSN 1472-6963
Asabir, Kwesi and Witter, Sophie and Herbst, Christopher H and Dedzo, Kwesi McDamien (2013) The Performance of Health Workers. In: Toward interventions in human resources for health in Ghana: Evidence for Health Workforce planning and results. Directions in Development . World Bank, Washington DC, pp. 65-89. ISBN (paper) 978-0-8213-9667-4 ; (electronic) 978-0-8213-9668-1
Witter, Sophie and Cometto, G and Zaman, R and Sheikh, M and Wibulpolprasert, S (2013) Implementing the Agenda for Global Action on human resources for health: analysis from an international tracking survey. Journal of Hospital Administration, 2 (1). pp. 77-87. ISSN 1927-6990 EISSN 1927-7008
Witter, Sophie and Garshong, Bertha and Ridde, Valéry (2013) An exploratory study of the policy process and early implementation of the free NHIS coverage for pregnant women in Ghana. International journal for equity in health, 12 (16). ISSN 1475-9276, ESSN: 1475-9276
Fox, Sarah and Witter, Sophie and Wylde, Emily and Mafuta, Eric and Lievens, Tomas (2013) Paying health workers for performance in a fragmented, fragile state: reflections from Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Health Policy and Planning, 29 (1). pp. 96-105. ISSN 02681080
Witter, Sophie (2013) Pay for performance for strengthening delivery of sexual and reproductive health services in low- and middle-income countries Evidence synthesis paper. Discussion Paper. The World Bank, Washington, D.C..
Witter, Sophie (2012) Health financing in post-conflict states: what do we know and what are the gaps? Health Policy, 75 (12). pp. 2370-2377. ISSN 0168-8510
Witter, Sophie and Somanathan, Aparnaa (2012) Demand-side financing for sexual and reproductive health services in low and middle-income countries : a review of the evidence. Working Paper. The World Bank.
Witter, Sophie and Khalid, K and Abdel-Rahman, M and Hussein, R and Saed, M (2012) Removal of user fees for caesareans and under-fives in northern Sudan: a review of policy implementation and effectiveness. International Journal of Health Planning and Management. ISSN 07496753
Witter, Sophie and Cunden, N (2012) Une introduction à l’évaluation économique des programmes. In: Approches et pratiques en évaluation de programme. Montreal University Press, Montreal. ISBN 9782760627826
Fretheim, A and Witter, Sophie and Lindahl, A K and Olsen, I (2012) Performance-based financing in low- and middle-income countries: still more questions than answers. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 90 (8). pp. 559-560.
Witter, Sophie and Ensor, Tim (2012) Financing maternal health care services. In: Maternal and perinatal mortality in developing countries. CABI. ISBN 978-1845937454
Witter, Sophie and Fretheim, F and Kessy, F L and Lindahl, A K (2012) Paying for performance to improve the delivery of health interventions in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2 (CD0078). ISSN 1464-780X
Fretheim, A and Witter, Sophie and Lindahl, A and Olsen, I (2012) The evidence-base for performance based financing in low- and middle income countries: still more questions than answers. Public Library of Science. (Submitted)
Witter, Sophie and Khadka, S and Nath, H and Tiwari, S (2011) The national free delivery policy in Nepal: early evidence of its effects on health facilities. Health Policy and Planning, 26 (Suppl ). ii84-91. ISSN 02681080
Witter, Sophie and Zulfiqur, T and Javeed, S and Khan, A and Bari, A (2011) Paying health workers for performance in Battagram district, Pakistan. Human Resources for Health, 9 (23). ISSN 14784491
Witter, Sophie and Ha, B T and Shengalia, Bakhuti and Vujicic, Marko (2011) Understanding the 'four directions of travel': qualitative research into the factors affecting recruitment and retention of doctors in rural Vietnam. Human Resources for Health, 9 (20). ISSN 1478-4491
Thompson, Robin and Witter, Sophie and Thi Thuy Nga, Nguyen (2011) Strategic options for financing health system modernization and development: what can Vietnam learn from international experiences? ? Report for Development Strategy Institute, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Hanoi. Project Report. Oxford Policy Management, Oxford.
Witter, Sophie and Zaman, R and Attah, R and Fox, S and Lievens, T (2011) Reviewing Progress, Renewing Commitment: Progress report on the Kampala Declaration and Agenda for Global Action. Project Report. Global Health Workforce Alliance, World Health Organization, Geneva.
Vujicic, Marko and Alfano, Marco and Shengalia, Bakhuti and Witter, Sophie (2010) Attracting doctors and medical students to rural Vietnam: insights from a Discrete Choice Experiment. Discussion Paper. HNP Discussion Paper. Washington, DC: World Bank., Washington DC.
Witter, Sophie and Richard, Fabienne and Brouwere, Vincent de (2010) Innovative Approaches to Reducing Financial Barriers to Obstetric Care in Low-Income Countries. American Journal of Public Health, 100 (10). pp. 1845-1852. ISSN 0090-0036
Witter, Sophie and Richard, Fabienne and De Brouwere, Vincent (2010) Access to maternal and perinatal health services: lessons from successful and less successful examples of improving access to safe delivery and care of the newborn. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 15 (8). pp. 901-909. ISSN 13602276
Witter, Sophie (2010) Free health care for under-five children and pregnant women in Northern Sudan: progress so far and recommendations for the future. Report for Government of National Unity (MDTF funded). Project Report. Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum.
Witter, Sophie (2010) Understanding and using health economics and financing. In: Public Health: An action guide to improving health. OUP. ISBN 978-0-19-923893-4
Zulfiqur, T and Witter, Sophie and Javeed, S (2010) Assessment of the SC (US) performance-based incentive mechanism and economic analysis of the project “Revitalizing and Improving Primary Health Care in Battagram District”. Project Report. Save the Children (US).
Witter, Sophie (2010) Mapping user fees for health care in high-mortality countries – evidence from a recent survey. Working Paper. HLSP Institute Paper, London.
Khadka, S and Nath, H and Tiwari, S and Witter, Sophie (2010) Monitoring of the Aama Programme: study of the impact on facilities and facility financing. Project Report. SSMP report for Ministry of Health and Population..
Witter, Sophie and Prasai, D (2010) Scoping of public expenditure tracking and M&E of free care in Nepal, Report for National Health Sector Support Programme, Kathmandu. Project Report. WHO.
Witter, Sophie and Dieng, Thierno and Mbengue, Daouda and Moreira, Isabelle and Brouwere, Vincent De (2010) The national free delivery and caesarean policy in Senegal: evaluating process and outcomes. Health Policy and Planning, 25 (5). pp. 384-392. ISSN 02681080
De Brouwere, V and Dieng, T and Diadhiou, M and Witter, Sophie and Denerville, E (2009) Task shifting for emergency obstetric surgery in district hospitals in Senegal. Reproductive Health Matters, Volume (33). pp. 32-44. ISSN 09688080
Witter, Sophie and Drame, Fatoumata Bintou and Cross, Suzanne (2009) Maternal fee exemption in Senegal: is the policy a success. African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health , 3 (1). pp. 5-10.
Witter, Sophie and Adjei, Sam and Armar-Klemesu, Margaret and Graham, Wendy (2009) Providing free maternal health care: ten lessons from an evaluation of the national delivery exemption policy in Ghana. Global Health Action, 2. ISSN 1654-9880
Witter, Sophie and Koot, Jaap and Cammack, Tim and Buckle, Gilbert and Bjerrum, Andreas (2009) Pulling together, achieving more: independent health sector review for 2008. Working Paper. Accra: Ministry of Health.
Witter, Sophie (2009) Service and population-based exemptions: are these the way forward for equity and efficiency in health financing in low income countries? In: Innovations in health system finance in developing and transitional economies. Advances in health economics and health services research (21). Emerald, pp. 251-288. ISBN 9781848556645
Witter, Sophie (2009) Service- and population-based exemptions: Are these the way forward for equity and efficiency in health financing in low-income countries? Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research, 21. pp. 249-286. ISSN 0731-2199
Witter, Sophie and Garshong, Bertha (2009) Something old or something new? Social health insurance in Ghana. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 9 (20). ISSN 1472-698X
Witter, Sophie and Diadhiou, M (2008) Key informant views of a free delivery and caesarean policy in Senegal. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 12 (3). pp. 93-111. ISSN 1118-4841
McCoy, David and Bennett, Sara and Witter, Sophie and Pond, Bob and Baker, Brook and Gow, Jeff and Chand, Sudeep and Ensor, Tim and McPake, Barbara (2008) Salaries and incomes of health workers in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet, 371 (9613). pp. 675-681. ISSN 0140-6736
Witter, Sophie and Richard, Fabienne and De Brouwere, Vincent (2008) Learning lessons and moving forward: how to reduce financial barriers to obstetric care in low-income contexts. In: Reducing financial barriers to obstetric care in low-income countries. (SHSOP 24). Antwerp: ITG Press., pp. 277-304. ISBN 978-90-76070-00-1
Witter, Sophie and Armar-Klemesu, Margaret and Dieng, Thierno (2008) National fee exemption schemes for deliveries: comparing the recent experiences of Ghana and Senegal. Studies in Health Services Organisation and Policy series, 24. pp. 167-198.
Ensor, Tim and Witter, Sophie (2008) PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE SDIP – STRENGTHENING A MAJOR NATIONAL INITIATIVE FOR SAFE MOTHERHOOD IN NEPAL. Working Paper. Options for DFID and MoHP, London.
Walley, J and Khan, M A and Shah, S K and Witter, Sophie and Wei, X (2007) How to get research into practice: first get practice into research. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2007 J (6). p. 424. ISSN 0042-9686
Witter, Sophie and Adjei, Sam (2007) Start-stop funding, its causes and consequences: a case study of the delivery exemptions policy in Ghana. International journal of health planning and management, 22 (2). pp. 133-143. ISSN 0749-6753
Witter, Sophie (2007) Achieving sustainability, quality and access - lessons from the world’s largest revolving drug fund. East Mediterranean Health Journal. Vol 13, no. 6, p,.1476-1485., 13 (6). pp. 1476-1485. ISSN 1687-1634
Witter, Sophie and Ensor, Tim (2007) Evaluating a health financing policy change: framework and suggested approaches. Technical Report. Immpact, University of Aberdeen.
Ensor, Tim and Witter, Sophie (2007) Health Worker Incentives Survey (HWIS). Manual. Immpact, University of Aberdeen.
Witter, Sophie (2007) Strategies for Maternal Mortality Reduction in Senegal: Evaluation of the Free Delivery Policy and Delegation of Tasks. Working Paper. Immpact, CEFOREP, Ministry of Preventive Health and Medicine, UNFPA, Aberdeen, Scotland.
Witter, Sophie and Arhinful, Daniel Kojo and Kusi, Anthony and Zakariah-Akoto, Sawudatu (2007) The experience of Ghana in implementing a user fee exemption policy to provide free delivery care. Reproductive Health Matters, 15 (30). pp. 61-71. ISSN 0968-8080
Witter, Sophie and Kusi, Anthony and Aikins, Moses (2007) Working practices and incomes of health workers: evidence from an evaluation of a delivery fee exemption scheme in Ghana. Human Resources for Health, 5 (2). ISSN 1478-4491
Witter, Sophie and Cadge, Nichola and Adams, Lesley and Vaidyanathan, K E and Babiker, Muneef and Ibrahim, Ibtisam Satti and al Karim, Mohammed Awad and Patwa, Nilesh and Abaker, Yousif and Tong, Malony (2006) The Khartoum revolving drug fund: an evaluation of sustainability, quality and access. Project Report. Save the Children UK, WHO, UNICEF. (Unpublished)
Khan, M A and Walley, J D and Witter, Sophie and Shah, S K and Javeed, S (2006) Tuberculosis patient adherence to direct observation: results of a social study in Pakistan. Health policy and planning, 20 (6). pp. 354-365. ISSN 0268-1080
Witter, Sophie (2005) The unbearable cost of illness. Poverty, ill-health and access to health care: evidence from Lindi Rural District, Tanzania. Project Report. Save the Children, London.
Witter, Sophie (2005) An unnecessary evil? User fees for healthcare in low-income countries. Discussion Paper. Save the Children, London.
Witter, Sophie and Osiga, G (2004) Health service quality and users' perceptions in West Nile, Uganda. International journal of health planning and management, 19 (2). pp. 195-207. ISSN 0749-6753
Witter, Sophie (2004) Developing a framework for monitoring child poverty: results from a study in Uganda. Children and Society, 18 (1). pp. 3-15. ISSN 0951-0605
Witter, Sophie and Bukokhe, J (2004) Children's perceptions of poverty, participation, and local governance in Uganda. Development in Practice, 14 (5). pp. 645-659. ISSN 0961-4524
Smith, Peter C and Witter, Sophie (2004) Risk Pooling in Health Care Financing: The Implications for Health System Performance. Discussion Paper. Health, Nutrition and Population (HNP).
Thompson, Robin and Miller, Nigel and Witter, Sophie (2003) Health-seeking behaviour and rural/urban variation in Kazakhstan. Health Economics, 12 (7). pp. 553-564. ISSN 1057-9230
Bate, Angela and Witter, Sophie (2003) COPING WITH COMMUNITY HEALTH FINANCING: Illness costs and their implications for poor households’ abilities to pay for health care and children’s access to health services. A Study for Save the Children UK. Project Report. University of York.
Witter, Sophie (2002) Child poverty in Uganda: the silent bombshell. Uganda Health Bulletin, 8 (3/4).
Khan, M A and Walley, J D and Witter, Sophie and Imran, Safdar, N (2002) Costs and cost-effectiveness of different DOT strategies for the treatment of tuberculosis in Pakistan. Health policy and planning, 17 (2). pp. 178-186. ISSN 0268-1080
Witter, Sophie (2002) The silent majority - Child poverty in Uganda. Discussion Paper. Save the Children, London.
Walley, J D and Witter, Sophie and Nicoll, A (2001) Simplified antiviral prophylaxis with or and without artificial feeding to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in low and middle income countries: modelling positive and negative impact on child survival. Medical Science Moniter, 7 (5). pp. 1043-1051. ISSN 1234-1010
Ensor, Tim and Witter, Sophie (2001) Health economics in low income countries: adapting to the reality of the unofficial economy. Health Policy, 57 (1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 0168-8510
Witter, Sophie (2001) Health financing in developing and transitional countries: Briefing paper for Oxfam GB. Discussion Paper. University of York, York.
Witter, Sophie and Ensor, Tim and Thompson, Robin and Jowett, M (2000) Health Economics for Developing Countries. A Practical Guide. MacMillan Education, London. ISBN 0-333-75205-8.
Thompson, Robin and Witter, Sophie (2000) Informal payments in transitional economies: implications for health sector reform. International journal of health planning and management, 15 (3). pp. 169-187. ISSN 0749-6753
Witter, Sophie (1997) Rural health services in China: their relevance for Vietnam. IDS Bulletin, 28 (2). ISSN 0265-5012
Witter, Sophie (1996) 'Doi moi' and health: the effect of economic reforms on the health system in Vietnam. International journal of health planning and management, 11 (2). pp. 157-172. ISSN 0749-6753
Witter, Sophie (1992) Vietnam: the challenge of development. The World Today, 48 (2).