Factors associated with fear of falling in hemodialysis patients
da Silva de Jesus, Luciana Angélica
Pinheiro, Bruno Valle
Lucinda, Leda Marília Fonseca
Gravina, Emanuele Poliana Lawall
Barros, Fabrício Sciammarella
Garcia, Rodrigo Schinniger Assun
Oliveira, Cristino Carneiro
Reboredo, Maycon Moura
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da Silva de Jesus, L. A., Pinheiro, B. V., Koufaki, P., Lucinda, L. M. F., Gravina, E. P. L., Barros, F. S., Garcia, R. S. A., Oliveira, C. C. & Reboredo, M. M. (2021) 'Factors associated with fear of falling in hemodialysis patients', International Urology and Nephrology, 53, pp. 2159–2166.
Fear of falling (FOF) has important clinical and psychological consequences. This study evaluated the factors associated with FOF in hemodialysis patients and compared with the FOF reported by age-gender matched individuals without chronic kidney disease. This cross sectional study included hemodialysis group (n = 60, 55.4 ± 7.6 years, 55.0% male) and control group (n = 40, 55.1 ± 7.5 years, 52.5% male). FOF was assessed by the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I). Physical function was evaluated using the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), Timed Up and Go test, 4-m gait speed, isometric handgrip force and 10-repetition sit-to-stand test. The physical and mental components of quality of life was evaluated by 36-Item Short Form Health Survey. The FES-I score was higher in the hemodialysis group compared to the control group (28.2 ± 9.7 vs. 23.3 ± 5.1, p = 0.020). In addition, the prevalence of individuals with a higher concern about falling was greater in the hemodialysis group (41.7 vs. 17.5%, p = 0.033). Multiple linear regression showed that the FES-I score was associated with the Mini-BESTest score and the physical component summary of quality of life (coefficient of determination of 0.51 and an adjusted coefficient of determination of 0.46). FOF was associated with poor postural balance and reduced physical component of quality of life in patients on hemodialysis and these patients showed higher FOF compared to individuals without chronic kidney disease.