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dc.contributor.authorMansour, Jamal K.en
dc.contributor.authorBeaudry, Jennifer L.en
dc.contributor.authorBertrand, Michelle I.en
dc.contributor.authorKalmet, Natalieen
dc.contributor.authorMelsom, Elisabeth I.en
dc.contributor.authorLindsay, Roderick C. L.en
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-31T10:39:47Z
dc.date.available2021-08-31T10:39:47Z
dc.date.issued2020-12
dc.identifierhttps://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/20.500.12289/11458/11458.pdf
dc.identifier.citationMansour, J. K., Beaudry, J. L., Bertrand, M. I., Kalmet, N., Melsom, E. I. & Lindsay, R. C. L. (2020) Impact of disguise on identification decisions and confidence with simultaneous and sequential lineups. Law and Human Behavior, 44(6), pp. 502–515.en
dc.identifier.issn0147-7307en
dc.identifier.issn1573-661X
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000427
dc.identifier.urihttps://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/11458
dc.descriptionJamal Mansour - ORCID: 0000-0001-7162-8493 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7162-8493en
dc.descriptionThis article is a corrected version of a previous version that was retracted, “Impact of Disguise on Identification Decisions and Confidence With Simultaneous and Sequential Lineups” by Jamal K. Mansour, Jennifer L. Beaudry, Michelle I. Bertrand, Natalie Kalmet, Elisabeth I. Melsom, & Roderick C. L. Lindsay (Law and Human Behavior, 2012, Vol. 36, No. 6, 513–526. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0093937). Retraction notice: (https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000435)
dc.description.abstractObjective: Prior research indicates disguise negatively affects lineup identifications but the mechanisms by which disguise works have not been explored and different disguises have not been compared. We investigated how two different types of disguise, four levels of varying degrees of coverage, and lineup type influence eyewitnesses' identification decisions, accuracy, and confidence. Hypotheses: We predicted that identification accuracy would decrease as the disguise covered more of a perpetrator's face. We also predicted that type of disguise–stocking mask versus sunglasses and/or toque (i.e., knitted hat)–would influence identifications, but we had conflicting predictions about which disguise would impair their performance more. Method: In two experiments (Ns = 87 and 91) we manipulated degree of coverage by two different types of disguise: a stocking mask or sunglasses and toque. Participants viewed mock-crime videos followed by simultaneous or sequential lineups. Results and Conclusions: Disguise and lineup type did not interact. In support of the view that disguise prevents encoding, identification accuracy generally decreased with degree of disguise. For the stocking disguise, however, full and 2/3 coverage led to approximately the same rate of correct identifications—which suggests that disrupting encoding of specific features may be as detrimental as disrupting a whole face. Accuracy was most affected by sunglasses and we discuss the role meta-cognitions may have played. Lineup selections decreased more slowly than accuracy as coverage by disguise increased, indicating witnesses are insensitive to the effect of encoding conditions on accuracy.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported in part by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to Roderick C. L. Lindsay (Grant 410-09-2674).en
dc.description.urihttps://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000427en
dc.format.extent502–515en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychology-Law Society - APA Division 41en
dc.relation.ispartofLaw and Human Behavioren
dc.subjectLineupsen
dc.subjectDisguiseen
dc.subjectEstimator Variablesen
dc.subjectSequential Lineupsen
dc.subjectSimultaneous Lineupsen
dc.titleImpact of disguise on identification decisions and confidence with simultaneous and sequential lineupsen
dc.typeArticleen
dcterms.accessRightspublic
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-09-05
dc.description.volume44en
dc.description.ispublishedpub
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
rioxxterms.publicationdate2020-12
refterms.dateFCD2021-08-31
refterms.depositExceptionNAen
refterms.accessExceptionNAen
refterms.technicalExceptionNAen
refterms.panelUnspecifieden
qmu.authorMansour, Jamal K.en
qmu.centreCentre for Applied Social Sciencesen
dc.description.statuspub
dc.description.number6en
refterms.versionAMen
refterms.dateDeposit2021-08-31


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