What are nurses’ attitudes and beliefs towards termination of pregnancy in teenage girls?
Aim: The aim of this study is to gain an understanding of nurses’ attitudes and beliefs towards termination of pregnancy in teenage girls and the impact this has on the care given by nurses. Background: Termination of pregnancy, also known as abortion, is a procedure which ends an unwanted pregnancy or pregnancy that will not survive to term (Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists 2012) The rate in which teenage girls are having an abortion within Scotland is rising, with teenager’s under the age of sixteen making up 5.3% of the overall statistics of abortion in Scotland (public Health Scotland 2020) Abortion has been an ethical debate for many years, with many people having negative attitudes towards the procedure. However, there is little research on the attitudes and beliefs of nurses who assist in this procedure daily. Method: A purposive sample of 10 registered nurses that have experience caring for teenage girls throughout a termination of pregnancy in Scotland were chosen to participate in semistructured interviews. These were undertaken to gain an in- depth understanding of their attitudes and beliefs. Additionally, photo elicitation and visual drawing were used to gain insight into nurses subconscious attitudes that may not be able to be conveyed vocally. Interviews will be recorded and transcribed. Relevance to practice: It is vital that nurses reflect on their attitudes and beliefs when caring for teenage girls throughout an abortion. Teenage girls can feel vulnerable and alone throughout this procedure, therefore, it is crucial that nurses portray a non-judgemental, supportive attitude to provide a high quality of care. Further research to determine approaches to assist in the care of teenagers throughout this procedure should be sought.