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dc.rights.licenseAttribution 3.0 IGO (CC BY 3.0 IGO)
dc.contributor.authorGeldsetzer, Pascal
dc.contributor.authorTan, Min Min
dc.contributor.authorDewi, Fatwa St
dc.contributor.authorQuyen, Bui Tt
dc.contributor.authorJuvekar, Sanjay
dc.contributor.authorHanifi, Sayed Ma
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Sudipto
dc.contributor.authorAsgari-Jirhandeh, Nima
dc.contributor.authorReidpath, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorSu, Tin Tin
dc.identifierpubmed: 36188011
dc.identifierdoi: 10.2471/BLT.22.287807
dc.identifierpii: BLT.22.287807
dc.identifierpmc: PMC9511672
dc.identifier.citationGeldsetzer, P., Tan, M.M., Dewi, F., Quyen, B., Juvekar, S., Hanifi, S., Roy, S., Asgari-Jirhandeh, N., Reidpath, D. and Su, T.T. (2022) ‘Hypertension care in demographic surveillance sites: a cross-sectional study in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Viet Nam’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 100(10), pp. 601–609. Available at:
dc.descriptionFrom PubMed via Jisc Publications Router
dc.descriptionHistory: received 2022-01-09, revised 2022-06-29, accepted 2022-06-30
dc.descriptionPublication status: ppublish
dc.descriptionVoR deposited on 22-12-23en
dc.descriptionDaniel Reidpath - ORCID: 0000-0002-8796-0420
dc.description.abstractTo determine the proportion of adults with hypertension who reported: (i) having been previously diagnosed with hypertension; (ii) taking blood pressure-lowering medication; and (iii) having achieved hypertension control, in five health and demographic surveillance system sites across five countries in Asia. Data were collected during household surveys conducted between 2016 and 2020 in the five surveillance sites in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Viet Nam. We defined hypertension as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg or taking blood pressure-lowering medication. We defined hypertension control as systolic blood pressure < 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg. We disaggregated hypertension awareness, treatment and control by surveillance site, and within each site by sex, age group, education, body mass index and smoking status. Of 22 142 participants, 11 137 had hypertension (Bangladesh: 211; India: 487; Indonesia: 1641; Malaysia: 8164; and Viet Nam: 634). The mean age of participants with hypertension was 60 years (range: 19-101 years). Only in the Malaysian site were more than half of individuals with hypertension aware of their condition. Hypertension treatment ranged from 20.8% (341/1641; 95% CI: 18.8-22.8%) in the Indonesian site to 44.7% (3649/8164; 95% CI: 43.6-45.8%) in the Malaysian site. Less than one in four participants with hypertension had achieved hypertension control in any site. Hypertension awareness, treatment and control were generally higher among women and older adults. While hypertension awareness and treatment varied widely across surveillance sites, hypertension control was low in all sites. [Abstract copyright: (c) 2022 The authors; licensee World Health Organization.]
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2022 The authors; licensee World Health Organization. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution IGO License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. In any reproduction of this article there should not be any suggestion that WHO or this article endorse any specific organization or products. The use of the WHO logo is not permitted. This notice should be preserved along with the article's original URL.
dc.sourceeissn: 1564-0604
dc.subjectIndia - epidemiology
dc.subjectAged, 80 and over
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectBangladesh - epidemiology
dc.subjectMalaysia - epidemiology
dc.subjectYoung Adult
dc.subjectIndonesia - epidemiology
dc.subjectVietnam - epidemiology
dc.subjectHypertension - drug therapy - epidemiology
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.titleHypertension care in demographic surveillance sites: a cross-sectional study in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Viet Nam.
qmu.authorHanifi, Sayed Ma
qmu.authorReidpath, Daniel
qmu.centreInstitute for Global Health and Developmenten

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 IGO (CC BY 3.0 IGO)