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dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.contributor.authorPartap, Uttaraen
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Elizabeth H.en
dc.contributor.authorAllotey, Pascaleen
dc.contributor.authorSandhu, Manjinder S.en
dc.contributor.authorReidpath, Danielen
dc.identifier.citationPartap, U., Young, E.H., Allotey, P., Sandhu, M.S. and Reidpath, D.D. (2017) ‘Anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors in parents and child obesity in Segamat, Malaysia’, International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(5), pp. 1523–1532. Available at:
dc.descriptionDaniel Reidpath - ORCID: 0000-0002-8796-0420
dc.description.abstractBackground There is little evidence regarding risk factors for child obesity in Asian populations, including the role of parental anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors. We examined the relation between parental risk factors and child obesity in a Malaysian population. Methods We used data from health and demographic surveillance conducted by the South East Asia Community Observatory in Segamat, Malaysia. Analyses included 9207 individuals (4806 children, 2570 mothers and 1831 fathers). Child obesity was defined based on the World Health Organization 2007 reference. We assessed the relation between parental anthropometric (overweight, obesity and central obesity) and cardiometabolic (systolic hypertension, diastolic hypertension and hyperglycaemia) risk factors and child obesity, using mixed effects Poisson regression models with robust standard errors. Results We found a high burden of overweight and obesity among children in this population (30% overweight or obese). Children of one or more obese parents had a 2-fold greater risk of being obese compared with children of non-obese parents. Sequential adjustment for parental and child characteristics did not materially affect estimates (fully adjusted relative risk for obesity in both parents: 2.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.82, 3.10, P < 0.001; P for trend < 0.001). These associations were not modified by parental or child sex. We found no consistent evidence for associations between parental cardiometabolic risk factors and child obesity. Conclusions Parental obesity was strongly associated with child obesity in this population. Further exploration of the behavioural and environmental drivers of these associations may help inform strategies addressing child obesity in Asia.en
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Epidemiologyen
dc.rightsCopyright The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.titleAnthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors in parents and child obesity in Segamat, Malaysiaen
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
qmu.centreInstitute for Global Health and Developmenten

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)