Professionalisation and social attitudes: a protocol for measuring changes in HIV/AIDS-related stigma among healthcare students
Hassali, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad
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Ahmadi, K., Reidpath, D.D., Allotey, P. and Hassali, M.A.A. (2013) ‘Professionalisation and social attitudes: a protocol for measuring changes in HIV/AIDS-related stigma among healthcare students’, BMJ Open, 3(5), p. e002755. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002755.
Introduction HIV/AIDS-related stigma affects the access and utilisation of health services. Although HIV/AIDS-related stigma in the health services has been studied, little work has attended to the relationship between professional development and stigmatising attitudes. Hence, in this study, we will extend earlier research by examining the relationship between the stage of professional development and the kinds of stigmatising attitudes held about people living with HIV/AIDS. Methods and analysis A serial cross-sectional design will be combined with a two-point in time longitudinal design to measure the levels of stigma among healthcare students from each year of undergraduate and graduate courses in Malaysia and Australia. In the absence of suitable measures, we will carry out a sequential mixed methods design to develop such a tool. The questionnaire data will be analysed using mixed effects linear models to manage the repeated measures. Ethics and dissemination We have received ethical approval from the Monash MBBS executive committee as well as the Monash University Human Research Ethics Committee. We will keep the data in a locked filing cabinet in the Monash University (Sunway campus) premises for 5 years, after which the information will be shredded and disposed of in secure bins, and digital recordings will be erased in accordance with Monash University's regulations. Only the principal investigator and the researcher will have access to the filing cabinet. We aim to present and publish the results of this study in national and international conferences and peer-reviewed journals, respectively.