A situational analysis of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination in Hanoi, Vietnam
Khoat, D V
Hong, L D
An, C Q
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Khoat, D.V., Hong, L.D., An, C.Q., Ngu, D. and Reidpath, D.D. (2005) ‘A situational analysis of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination in Hanoi, Vietnam’, AIDS Care, 17(sup2), pp. 181–193. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120500119940.
The laws in Vietnam provide a framework within which one may judge the nature and type of health care-related discrimination to which people living with HIV (PLWHA) are subject. Despite the existence of stringent legislation protecting the rights of PLWHA, this study found that, in practice, PLWHA experienced significant structural discrimination in their daily lives. The discrimination experienced by PLWHA was exacerbated by the fact that, historically, HIV is associated with high-risk, marginalized groups such as drug users and sex workers. In the health care sector, discriminatory practices (for instance, refusal to treat), differential treatment and non-confidentiality were frequent. For the development of successful prevention and treatment strategies, a mutually desirable and equitable balance must be achieved between individual rights and needs and individual obligations to the broader society.