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dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.contributor.authorvon Dach, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorSchlup, Nanja
dc.contributor.authorGschwenter, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorMcCormack, Brendan
dc.identifierpublisher-id: s12913-023-09483-8
dc.identifiermanuscript: 9483
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1186/s12913-023-09483-8
dc.identifier.citationVon Dach, C., Schlup, N., Gschwenter, S. and McCormack, B. (2023) ‘German translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the person-centred practice inventory—staff(Pcpi-s)’, BMC Health Services Research, 23(1), p. 458. Available at:
dc.descriptionFrom Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router
dc.descriptionHistory: received 2022-03-15, registration 2023-04-30, accepted 2023-04-30, epub 2023-05-09, online 2023-05-09, collection 2023-12
dc.descriptionAcknowledgements: The authors thank all translators, experts, and nurses who participated in this study.
dc.descriptionPublication status: Published
dc.description.abstractBackground: The person-centred practice framework represents the cornerstone of a middle-range theory. Internationally, person-centredness has become an increasingly common topic. The measurement of the existence of a person-centred culture is complex and subtle. The Person-Centred Practice Inventory—Staff (PCPI-S) measures clinicians’ experience of a person-centred culture in their practice. The PCPI-S was developed in English. Therefore, the aims of this study were (1) to translate the PCPI-S into German and to cross-culturally adapt and test in the acute care setting (PCPI-S aG Swiss) and (2) to investigate the psychometric properties of the PCPI-S aG Swiss. Methods: The two-phase investigation of this cross-sectional observational study followed the guidelines and principles of good practice for the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-reporting measures. Phase 1 involved an eight-step translation and cultural adaptation of the PCPI-S testing in an acute care setting. In Phase 2, psychometric retesting and statistical analysis based on a quantitative cross-sectional survey were undertaken. To evaluate the construct validity, a confirmatory factor analysis was implemented. Cronbach’s alpha was used to determine the internal consistency. Results: A sample of 711 nurses working in a Swiss acute care setting participated in testing the PCPI-S aG Swiss. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good overall model fit, validating the strong theoretical framework, which underpins the PCPI-S aG Swiss. Cronbach’s alpha scores demonstrated excellent internal consistency. Conclusion: The chosen procedure ensured cultural adaptation to the German-speaking part of Switzerland. The psychometric results were good to excellent and comparable with other translations of the instrument.
dc.publisherBioMed Central
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dc.rightsOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
dc.sourceeissn: 1472-6963
dc.subjectAcute Care
dc.subjectCultural Adaption
dc.subjectFactor Analysis
dc.subjectHealth Care Professionals
dc.subjectPsychometric Analysis
dc.titleGerman translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the Person-Centred Practice Inventory—Staff (PCPI-S)

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
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