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dc.contributor.authorLawson, Eleanor
dc.contributor.authorScobbie, James M.
dc.contributor.authorStuart-Smith, Jane
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-29T15:54:25Z
dc.date.available2018-06-29T15:54:25Z
dc.date.issued2011-04-20
dc.identifierER1645
dc.identifier.citationLawson, E., Scobbie, J. & Stuart-Smith, J. (2011) The social stratification of tongue shape for postvocalic /r/ in Scottish English, Journal of Sociolinguistics, vol. 15, , pp. 256-268,
dc.identifier.urihttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9841.2011.00464.x/abstract
dc.identifier.urihttps://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/1645
dc.description.abstractThe sociolinguistic modelling of phonological variation and change is almost exclusively based on auditory and acoustic analyses of speech. One phenomenon which has proved elusive when considered in these ways is the variation in postvocalic /r/ in Scottish English. This study therefore shifts to speech production: we present a socioarticulatory study of variation of postvocalic /r/ in CVr words, using a socially-stratified ultrasound tongue imaging corpus of speech collected in eastern central Scotland in 2008. Our results show social stratification of /r/ at the articulatory level, with middle-class speakers using bunched articulations, while working-class speakers use greater proportions of tongue-tip and tongue-front raised variants. Unlike articulatory variation of /r/ in American English, the articulatory variants in our Scottish English corpus are both auditorily distinct from one another, and correlate with strong and weak ends of an auditory rhotic continuum, which also shows clear social stratification.
dc.format.extent256-268
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Sociolinguistics
dc.subjectSociophonetics
dc.subjectarticulatory variation
dc.subjectpostvocalic /r/
dc.subjectScottish English
dc.subjectultrasound
dc.titleThe social stratification of tongue shape for postvocalic /r/ in Scottish English
dc.typearticle
dcterms.accessRightsrestricted
dc.description.facultycasl
dc.description.volume15
dc.identifier.doihttp://DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9841.2011.00464.x
dc.contributor.sponsorESRC
dc.description.ispublishedpub
dc.description.eprintid1645
rioxxterms.typearticle
qmu.authorScobbie, James M.
qmu.authorLawson, Eleanor
qmu.centreCASLen
dc.description.statuspub
dc.description.number2


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