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dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution Non commercial No derivatives licence
dc.contributor.authorScandrett, Eurig
dc.contributor.authorMukherjee, Suroopa
dc.identifier.citationScandrett, E. & Mukherjee, S. (2011) Globalisation and abstraction in the Bhopal survivors' movement, Interface: a journal for and about social movements, vol. 3, , pp. 195-209,
dc.description.abstractIn the context of globalisation, the internationalisation of social movements has become a focus of research and theorisation. In particular there is a suggestion that new forms of internationalisation have emerged in response to globalised economic and technological developments. The movement of survivors of the 1984 Bhopal gas disaster has been cited as a new/old breed of transnational social movement- whose internationalisation has been facilitated by the anti-toxics movement. Here it is argued that the dynamics of this movement are more complex than has been recounted, and that association with the international anti-toxics movement should be regarded as one form amongst several, of generalisation from the experience of local campaigning. By focusing on the divisions within the movement, the diversity of generalisations may be more properly understood. Raymond Williams' conception of militant particularism, as expounded by David Harvey, is a useful theoretical tool for interpreting the various forms of abstraction which the movement has developed. It is argued that not only does this approach provide a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of this and potentially other social movements, it is also valuable for movement activists to make sense of otherwise negative experiences of division, and thereby reduce the risk of such divisions being exploited.
dc.relation.ispartofInterface: a journal for and about social movements
dc.titleGlobalisation and abstraction in the Bhopal survivors' movement
dc.description.referencetextBaviskar, Amita 2005. Red in Tooth and Claw? Looking for Class in Struggles over Nature- in Ray, R. and Katzenstein, M.F. Social Movements in India: Poverty, Power and Politics New Delhi: Oxford University Press pp 161-178 Bhopal Survivors Movement Study 2009. Bhopal Survivors Speak: Emergent Voices from a People's Movement Edinburgh: Word Power Books Census of India 1981. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India Chakravarti, Uma 2003. Gendering Caste: Through a Feminist Lens Calcutta: STREE Choudry, Aziz and Kapoor, Dip 2010 (eds) Learning from the Ground Up: Global Perspectives on Social Movements and Knowledge Production. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan Freire, Paolo 1972. Pedagogy of the Oppressed London: Penguin Harvey, David 1996. Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference. Oxford: Blackwell Mukherjee, Suroopa 2010. Surviving Bhopal: Dancing Bodies, Written Texts, and Oral Testimonies of Women in the Wake of an Industrial Disaster London: Palgrave Macmillan Mukherjee, Suroopa, Scandrett, Eurig, Sen, Tarunima and Shah, Dharmesh 2010 Generating Theory in the Bhopal Survivors' Movement- in Nilsen, Alf Gunvald and Motta, Sara (eds) Social Movements and the Postcolonial Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Nilsen, Alf Gunvald 2008. The Valley and the Nation - the river and the rage: a study of dispossession and resistance in the Narmada Valley, India. PhD Thesis, University of Bergen Sarangi, Satinath 1998. The Movement in Bhopal and its Lessons- in Williams, Christopher (ed) Environmental Victims London: Earthscan pp. 88-96 Scandrett, Eurig, Crowther, Jim, Hemmi, Akiko, Mukherjee, Suroopa, Shah, Dharmesh and Sen, Tarunima 2010 Theorising education and learning in social movements: environmental justice campaigns in Scotland and India-. Studies in the Education of Adults Williams, Raymond 1989 Resources of Hope: Culture, Democracy, Socialism London: Verso Zavestoski, Stephen 2009 The Struggle for Justice in Bhopal: A New/Old Breed of Transnational Social Movement-. Global Social Policy 9 (3) 383-407
qmu.authorScandrett, Eurig

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons Attribution Non commercial No derivatives licence