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dc.contributor.authorWilson, Stuart
dc.contributor.authorDarling, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorSykes, S.
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-29T21:29:13Z
dc.date.available2018-06-29T21:29:13Z
dc.date.issued2011-08
dc.identifierER2313
dc.identifier.citationWilson, S., Darling, S. & Sykes, S. (2011-08) Adaptive memory: fitness relevant stimuli show a memory advantage in a game of pelmanism, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, vol. 18, pp. 781-786.
dc.identifier.issn1069-9384
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-011-0102-0
dc.identifier.urihttps://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/2313
dc.descriptionThanks are due to Chris Brough and Lynne Newlands for help with data collection and recruitment, and Craig Stevenson for writing the program. Thanks also to Queen Margaret University and Glasgow Caledonian University for supporting this research, and to three anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions.
dc.description.abstractA pelmanism (matched-pairs) game was used in order to test the hypothesis that survival-relevant stimuli that are likely to have been present during human evolution (e.g. a snake in attack position) enjoy a memory advantage over other survival-relevant (but modern-) stimuli (e.g. a threatening image of a gunman). Survival-relevant stimuli were matched for arousal, and presented in one of two 5x4 grids along with filler items. Participants were asked to match the pairs in the grids by clicking on successive squares to reveal stimuli. Participants made significantly fewer errors when matching evolutionarily relevant- survival stimuli compared to other stimuli. Additionally, on incorrect trials, attempted matches were significantly closer to the location of evolutionarily relevant targets than for other stimuli. Results suggest that objects which likely posed a consistent threat throughout human evolutionary history are better remembered than other, equally arousing and survival relevant, stimuli.
dc.format.extent781-786
dc.publisherPsychonomic Society
dc.relation.ispartofPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
dc.subjectAdaptive Memory
dc.subjectEvolutionary Psychology
dc.subjectEmotion.
dc.titleAdaptive memory: fitness relevant stimuli show a memory advantage in a game of pelmanism
dc.typearticle
dcterms.accessRightsrestricted
dc.description.facultydiv_PaS
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dc.description.volume18
dc.identifier.doihttp://10.3758/s13423-011-0102-0
dc.description.ispublishedpub
dc.description.eprintid2313
rioxxterms.typearticle
qmu.authorDarling, Stephen
qmu.authorWilson, Stuart
dc.description.statuspub
dc.description.number4


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