Health-related quality of life and its correlates among chinese migrants in small-and medium-sized enterprises in two cities of Guangdong
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Lu, L., Zou, G., Zeng, Z., Han, L., Guo, Y. & Ling, L. (2014) Health-related quality of life and its correlates among chinese migrants in small-and medium-sized enterprises in two cities of Guangdong, PLoS ONE, vol. 9, , pp. e83315,
Objectives: To explore the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) status and associated factors among rural-to-urban migrants in China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 856 rural-to-urban migrants working at small-and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in Shenzhen and Zhongshan City in 2012. Andersen's behavioral model was used as a theoretical framework to exam the relationships among factors affecting HRQOL. Analysis was performed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results: Workers with statutory working hours, higher wages and less migrant experience had higher HRQOL scores. Need (contracting a disease in the past two weeks and perception of needing health service) had the greatest total effect on HRQOL (_ =20.78), followed by enabling (labor contract, insurance purchase, income, physical examination during work and training) (_ = 0.40), predisposing (age, family separation, education) (_ = 0.22) and health practices and use of health service (physical exercise weekly, health check-up and use of protective equipments) (_ =20.20). Conclusions: Priority should be given to satisfy the needs of migrant workers, and improve the enabling resources.