|dc.description.referencetext||Airey, D. (2005). Tourism education: From practice to theory. In The role of
education in quality destination management. Proceedings of the WTO education
council conference (pp. 9-16). Madrid: World Tourism Organization.
Airey, D., & Johnson, S. (1999). The content of tourism degree courses in the UK.
Tourism Management, 20, 229-235.
Allman, P. (1982). New perspectives on the adult: an argument for lifelong
education. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 1(1), 41-51.
Andrew, M. (2000). The UNESCO education for all 2000 assessment country
report, Dominica, National Coordinator, The Commonwealth of Dominica,
Ministry of Education, Sports and Youth Affairs, Education Planning Unit.
html (Accessed 14.03.10).
Anning, A. (1997). Early childhood education: A new era? Staffordshire: Trentham
Antonacopoulou, E. (2000). Reconnecting education, development and training
through learning: A holographic perspective. Education and Training, 42(4/5),
Barnett, R. (1990). The idea of higher education. Buckingham: The Society for
Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.
Barnett, R. (1997). Higher education: a critical business. Buckingham: The Society for
Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.
Bazeley, P. (2007). Qualitative data analysis with NVivo. London: Sage Publications.
Beck, J., & Earl, M. (Eds.). (2000). Key issues in secondary education. London: Cassel.
Blaxter, L., Hughes, C., & Tight, M. (2001). How to research. Buckingham: Open
Boo, E. (1990). Ecotourism: The potentials and pitfalls. Washington: World Wildlife
Brennan, J., Mills, J., Shah, T., & Woodley, A. (2000). Lifelong learning for
employment and equity: The role of part-time degrees. Higher Education
Quarterly, 54(4), 411-418.
Bruner, J. (1960). The process of education. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Carter, S. (2002). Tourism education and training in the Commonwealth of
Dominica: Past present and future. In C. Jayawardena (Ed.), Tourism and
hospitality education and training in the Caribbean (pp. 179-194). Jamaica:
University of the West Indies Press.
Cater, E., & Lowman, G. (1994). Ecotourism a sustainable option? Chichester: John
Wiley & Sons.
Caton, K., & Belhassen, Y. (2011). On the need for critical pedagogy in tourism
education. Tourism Management, 32, 1389-1396.
Charles, K. (1997). Tourism education and training in the Caribbean: Preparing
for the 21st Century. Progress in Tourism and Hospitality Research, 3(3), 189-197.
Collins, J. (2004). Education techniques for lifelong learning: Principles of adult
learning. RadioGraphics, 24(5), 1483-1489.
Coombs, P., & Ahmed, M. (1974). Attacking rural poverty: How nonformal education
can help. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Cooper, C., Shepherd, R., & Westlake, J. (1994). Tourism and hospitality education.
Surrey: University of Surrey.
Curtis, A. (1998). A curriculum for the pre-school child. London: Routledge.
Dave, R. H. (1975). Reflections on lifelong education and the school. UIE Monograph 3.
Hamburg: UNESCO Institute for Education.
de Romily & de Romliy Ltd. (1995). Dominica National Parks Service Management
Handbook. Canada: Environment and Labour Consultants.
Department For International Development-World Bank (2009). Collaboration on
knowledge and the skills for the new economy. White paper, DFID-WD.
Dewey, J. (1959). School and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ellis, A. (2004). Exemplars of curriculum theory. New York: Eye On Education Inc.
Ellis, A., & Stuen, C. (1998). The interdisciplinary curriculum. New York: Eye On
Fallows, S., & Stevens, C. (2000). Building employability skills into the higher
education Curriculum: University-wide initiative. Education and Training,
Farrell, M., Kerry, T., & Kerry, C. (1988). The Blackwell handbook of education.
Fretwell, D., & Wheeler, A. (2000). Secondary education in transition economies:
Rethinking the framework. World Bank Report.
Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica Corporate Plan. Ministry of
Education, Youth Affairs, Sports and Human Resource Development (2006/
Harvey, L. (2001). Defining and measuring employability. Quality in Higher
Education, 7(2), 97-109.
Hegarty, J. (1990). Challenges and opportunities for creating hospitality and
tourism education programs in developing countries. Hospitality and Tourism
Educator, 2(3), 12-13, 40-41.
Holder, J. (2001). Meeting the Challenge of Change. Address delivered by
Secretary General of the Caribbean Tourism Organisation, CARICOM Tourism
Summit, 8-9 December 2001. Nassau, The Bahamas, Press release 149/2001,
10 December. http://www.caricom.org (Accessed 05.12.09).
Hudepohl, K. (2008). Community agency and tourism initiatives in Carib
Territory, Dominica. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 3(4), 231-241.
Hurst, V. (1997). Planning for early learning: Educating young children. London: Paul
Isaacs, S. (1933). Social development in young children. London: Paul Chapman.
Iverson, K. (2001). Managing human resources in the hospitality industry: An
experimental approach. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Jenkins, D., & Shipman, M. (1976). Curriculum: An introduction. Shepton: Open
Knowles, M. (1970). The modern practice of adult education: Andragogy versus pedagogy.
New York: New York Associated Press.
Kwon, Y. (2002). Changing curriculum for early childhood education in England.
Early Childhood Research Practice, 4(2), 1-15.
Leader, G. (2003). Lifelong learning: Policy and practice in further education.
Education and Training, 45(7), 361-370.
Lewis, A. (2005). Rationalizing a tourism curriculum for sustainable tourism
development in small island states: A stakeholder perspective. Journal of
Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 4(2), 4-15.
Marshall, S., Brandon, E., Thomas, M., Kanwar, A., & Lyngra, T. (2008). Perspectives
on distance education: foreign providers in the Caribbean: Pillagers or preceptors?
Vancouver: Commonwealth of Learning.
Marshall, S., & Marrett, C. (2008). External providers of tertiary education in the
Commonwealth Caribbean. In S. Marshall, E., Brandon, M, Thomas, A.,
Kanwar, & T., Lyngra (Eds.), Perspectives on distanced education, foreign providers
in the Caribbean: Pillagers or preceptors? (pp. 1-10). Vancouver: Commonwealth
McKenzie, P. (1998). Lifelong learning as a policy response. ACER Centre for the
Economics of Education and Training and ACER: Monash University.
Merriam, S. (1988). Case study research in education: A qualitative approach. San
Montessori, M. (1912). The Montessori method. Machassuetts: Frederick A Stokes
Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., & Ateljevic, I. (2001). Hopeful tourism a new
transformative perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3),
Curriculum Unit (2006). National curriculum framework for Dominica. Ministry of
Education, Human Resource Development, Sports and Youth Affairs,
O'Brien, G. (2004). What are the principles of adult learning? Melbourne: Work
Southern Health Organisation.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1996). Lifelong
learning for all. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Parnham, J. (2001). Lifelong learning: A model for increasing the participation of
non-traditional adult learners. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 25(1),
Pascal, C., & Bertram, T. (1999). Accounting early for lifelong learning. In L.
Abbot & H. Moylett (Eds.), Early education transformed. New millennium series
(pp. 93-104). London: Falmer Press.
Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. New Park: Sage
Peters, R. (1966). The concept of education. International Library of the Philosophy of
Peters, R. S. (1972). Education and the educated man. In D. F. Dearden, P. H.
Hirst, & R. S. Peters (Eds.), A critique of current educational aims: (part 1 of
education and the development of reason) (pp. 1-16). London: Routledge & Kegan
Poon, A. (2001). The Caribbean. In S. Lockwood & A. Medlik (Eds.), Tourism and
hospitality in the 21st century (pp. 143-153). Great Britain: Reed Educational
and Professional Publishing Ltd.
Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the
United Nations Secretariat (2008). World population prospectus: The 2008
revision. http://esa.un.org/unpd (Accessed 16.11.10).
Resnick, L. (1987). Education and learning to think. Washington: National Research
Richards, C. (1999). Primary education-at a hinge of History? London: Falmer Press.
Rousseau, J. (1962). Emile (B. Foxley, Trans.). London: Dent (Everyman's Library).
Skager, R., & Dave, R. (1977). Curriculum evaluation for lifelong education. Oxford:
Smith, G., & Cooper, C. (2000). Competitive approaches to tourism and hospitality
curriculum design. Journal of Travel Research, 39(1), 90-95.
Stenhouse, L. (1975). An introduction to curriculum research and development. London:
Heinemann Educational Books Ltd.
Tesch, R. (1990). Qualitative research: Analysis types and software tools. London:
Tight, M. (1998). Education, education, education! The vision of lifelong learning
in the Kennedy, Dearing and Fryer Reports. Oxford Review of Education, 24(4),
Tough, A. (1981). Learning without teacher. Institute for Studies in Education.
Educational Research Series, no. 3.
Tribe, J. (2000). Balancing the vocational: The theory and practice of liberal
education in tourism. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 2(1), 9-25.
Tribe, J. (2002). The philosophic practitioner. Tourism and Hospitality Research,
Tribe, J. (2008). Tourism a critical business. Journal of Travel Research, 46(3),
Tyler, R. (1949). Basic principles of curriculum and instruction. Chicago: University of
Vargas, F. (2005). Key Competencies and Lifelong Learning. The Inter-American
Centre for Knowledge Development in Vocational Training, International
Labour Office (ILO), (Tools for Change, 26), interfor/ILO (pp. 181),
Walford, R. (2000). Classroom teaching and learning. In J. Beck & M. Earl (Eds.),
Key issues in secondary education (pp. 37-42). London: Continuum.
Warnken, P., & Young, V. (1991). Application of training principles and
techniques for successful library instruction. Reference Services Review, 19(4),
Warren, C. (2002). Qualitative interviewing. In J. Gubrium & J. Holstein (Eds.),
Handbook of interview research context and method (pp. 83-102). California: Sage
Whelan, T. (1991). Nature tourism: Managing for the environment. Washington: Island
Weaver, D. (1991). Alternative to mass tourism in Dominica. Annals of Tourism
Research, 18(3), 441-432.
Weaver, D. (1998). Eco-tourism in the Less Developed World. United Kingdom: Cab
World Travel & Tourism Council (2011). Key facts at a glance, country report, Dominica.
Reports/Dominica (Accessed 02.20.11).
Submitted 26 July 2011. Final version 23 January 2012. Accepted 29 February 2012.
Refereed anonymously. Co-ordinating Editor: Carson Lewis Jenkins.||