Exercise rehabilitation following intensive care unit discharge for recovery from critical illness
Grocott, Michael PW
Walsh, Timothy S.
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Connolly, B., Salisbury, L., O''Neill, B., Geneen, L., Douiri, A., Grocott, M., Hart, N., Walsh, T. & Blackwood, B. (2015) Exercise rehabilitation following intensive care unit discharge for recovery from critical illness, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , , ,
Background Skeletal muscle wasting and weakness are significant complications of critical illness, associated with degree of illness severity and periods of reduced mobility during mechanical ventilation. They contribute to the profound physical and functional deficits observed in survivors. These impairments may persist for many years following discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU) and can markedly influence health-related quality of life. Rehabilitation is a key strategy in the recovery of patients after critical illness. Exercise-based interventions are aimed at targeting this muscle wasting and weakness. Physical rehabilitation delivered during ICU admission has been systematically evaluated and shown to be beneficial. However, its effectiveness when initiated after ICU discharge has yet to be established. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of exercise rehabilitation programmes, initiated after ICU discharge, for functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in adult ICU survivors who have been mechanically ventilated longer than 24 hours