Caring for older people in the community.
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Oberski, I., Gray, M., Ross, J. & Shanley, E. (1997) Caring for older people in the community., Nursing Standard, vol. 11, , pp. 32,
This is a brief report of the aims and structure of a two-year project, which commenced in August 1996, researching the educational needs of nurses who care for older people in the community. The study involves the development and evaluation of an educational programme designed to help improve the efficiency of nurses working in this area.This study aimed to determine the maincharacteristics of normal tongue palate patterns forvelar stops. EPG data from the EUR-ACCORdatabase were analysed for nonsense VCVsequences containing /k/ in nine vowel contexts forseven English speaking adults. Incomplete EPGclosure across the palate for /k/ occurred in 19%(range 4%-41%) of utterances with the mostnumber of incomplete closures in /aka/ and theleast in /uki/. As predicted, place of articulationwas dependant on vowel context. The most frontedwas the velar occlusion in /iki/ and the mostretracted in /aka/. In terms of amount of contact,/k/ in /iki/ environment had almost twice as muchtongue palate contact compared to /aka/ in allspeakers (mean 42% for /iki/ compared to 22% for/aka/). There was considerable interspeakervariability in all variables. The implications of theresults for diagnosing and treating speech disordersare discussed.