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dc.contributor.authorSimonsen, Hanne Gram
dc.contributor.authorMoen, Inger
dc.contributor.authorCowen, Steve
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-29T15:53:35Z
dc.date.available2018-06-29T15:53:35Z
dc.date.issued2008-04
dc.identifierER616
dc.identifier.citationSimonsen, H., Moen, I. & Cowen, S. (2008) Norwegian retroflex stops in a cross linguistic perspective, Journal of Phonetics, vol. 36, , pp. 385-405,
dc.identifier.issn954470
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2008.01.001
dc.identifier.urihttps://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/616
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, Norwegian retroflex stops are investigated through the combined use of electropalatography (EPG) and electromagnetic articulography (EMA), with extensive and detailed data from four informants. Cross linguistic investigations have shown considerable articulatory variation in retroflex consonants regarding both place of articulation and tongue configuration, making it difficult to establish common articulatory characteristics for these consonants. Through our detailed articulatory investigation, we were able to identify one characteristic only that was always present in retroflex stops in Norwegian, namely an apical articulation. Other characteristics often found in retroflexes, like a posterior place of articulation, a bending up (retroflexion) of the tongue tip, a flat tongue middle, and a forward movement of the tongue tip after the release of the stop ('flapping out'), were found only in some contexts or in some individuals. Overall, the extensive articulatory variation in retroflexes often found in languages with relatively small inventories of coronal consonants was confirmed in our data. 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.format.extent385-405
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Phonetics
dc.titleNorwegian retroflex stops in a cross linguistic perspective
dc.typearticle
dcterms.accessRightsrestricted
dc.description.facultycasl
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dc.description.volume36
dc.identifier.doihttp://doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2008.01.001
dc.description.ispublishedpub
dc.description.eprintid616
rioxxterms.typearticle
qmu.authorCowen, Steve
dc.description.statuspub
dc.description.number2


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