|dc.identifier.citation||Zubala, A. (2013) Description and evaluation of arts therapies practice with adults suffering from depression in the UK, no. 364.||
|dc.description.abstract||This thesis contributes new knowledge to the field of arts therapies and their
relevance in the treatment of depression in adults.
The global burden of depression means that available treatments do not address all
areas within the complexity of the condition and arts therapies may potentially
present a relevant alternative by offering opportunities for non-verbal expression and
exploration of creativity. Literature up to date does not offer comprehensive enough
description of arts therapies practice and therefore establishing of credible evidence
has not been possible. This thesis addresses the gap by exploring the nature of arts
therapies practice and its value in the treatment of depression.
The research consists of two phases: phase 1 provides a description of arts therapies
practice with depression in the UK based on data collected from 395 survey
respondents, while phase 2 evaluates group brief art therapy for adults experiencing
mild to moderate depression. The project employs mixed methodologies within a
creative research design incorporating surveys, interviews, arts-based inquiry and a
pilot clinical study to examine multiple perspectives and offer findings meaningful to
This project establishes that depression is a common condition among arts therapists'
clients while some of the practitioners consider work with depression their main area
of professional interest. It further finds that the therapists address depression
through the use of humanistic, psychodynamic and integrative approaches and
discovers that certain areas of the therapy process have particular relevance in the
treatment of depression (e.g. time, group work, motivation, reconnecting).
The pilot clinical study concludes with decrease of depression levels and increase of
subjectively perceived wellbeing in all participants immediately after nine sessions of
art therapy and in the follow-up. Participants' experiences, researcher's observations
and arts-based reflections on the therapy process highlight the potential value of arts
therapies in areas relating to, among others: connection and sharing, awareness of
others and self, sense of achievement, self-expression and regain of meaning. The
findings are integrated in the final discussion, which proposes a set of concepts
particularly relevant to the treatment of adult depression through arts therapies.
This research provides the first comprehensive description of arts therapists' work
with depression in the UK and confirms the potential of this practice to be effective,
which is relevant to health professionals and may lead to increased involvement of
arts therapies in mainstream healthcare. The particular value of this project lies in
shaping the basis for further explorations in the form of larger RCTs as well as
demonstrating relevance and superiority of creative research designs in evaluating
|dc.publisher||Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh||
|dc.subject||Dance Movement Psychotherapy,
Assessment Of Feasibility||
|dc.title||Description and evaluation of arts therapies practice with adults suffering from depression in the UK||
|dc.type.qualificationname||PhD Doctor of Philosophy||