|dc.description.referencetext||Baldock, R. and Smallbone, D. (2003), Bridging the gap in support for ethnic minority owned
businesses: the case of Devon and Cornwall-, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise
Development, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 40-9.
Bank of England (2003), Finance for Small Firms: A Tenth Report, Bank of England, London.
Barclays Bank (2005), Black and Minority Ethnic Business Owners: A Market Research
Perspective, Barclays Bank, London.
Barrett, G., Jones, T., McEvoy, D. and McGoldrick, C. (2002), The economic embeddedness of
immigrant enterprise in Britain-, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour &
Research, Vol. 8 Nos 1/2, pp. 1355-2554.
Barth, F. (1969), Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organisation of Culture Difference,
Little Town, Boston, MA.
Basu, A. (1998), The role of institutional support in Asian entrepreneurial expansion in Britain-,
Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 317-26.
Basu, A. and Altinay, E. (2002), The interaction between culture and entrepreneurship in
London's immigrant business-, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 20, pp. 371-93.
Basu, A. and Goswami, A. (1999), South Asian entrepreneurship in Great Britain: factors
influencing growth-, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 5
No. 5, pp. 251-75.
Bent, R., Seaman, C., Campbell, G., Ingram, A. and Unis, A. (2005), Convenience stores and the
ethnic retailer-, research paper no. 1, Scottish Centre for Enterprise and Ethnic Business
Research, Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh.
Burns, P. (2001), Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Palgrave, Basingstoke.
CEEDR (2000), Young Entrepreneurs, Women Entrepreneurs, Ethnic Entrepreneurs and
Co-Entrepreneurs in the European Union and Central and Eastern Europe, Middlesex
University Business School, Centre for Enterprise and Economic Development Research,
Chaudhry, S. and Crick, D. (2003), Small Asian-owned retail businesses in the UK: an exploratory
investigation-, Marketing Intelligence, Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 346-56.
Chung, E. and Fischer, E. (1999), It's who you know: intracultural differences in ethnic product
consumption-, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 16 No. 5, pp. 482-501.
Curran, J. and Blackburn, R. (1993), Ethnic Enterprise and High Street Bank, Kingston Business
Deakins, D., Ishaq, M., Smallbone, D., Whittam, G. and Wyper, J. (2005), Minority Ethnic
Enterprise in Scotland: A National Scoping Study, Scottish Executive Social Research,
Fallon, G. and Brown, B. (2004), Supporting ethnic community business: lessons from a
West Midlands Asian business support agency-, Regional Studies, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 137-48.
Gibson, M.A. and Ogbu, J.U. (2005), Minority Status and Schooling: A Comparative Study of
Immigrant Involuntary Minorities, Garland, New York, NY.
Glazer, N. and Mynihan, D.P. (1963), Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews,
Italians, and Irish of New York City, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Grieco, E.M. (1998), The effect of migration on the establishment of networks: caste
disintegration and reformation among the Indians of Fiji-, International Migration Review,
Vol. 32, pp. 704-36.
GRO (2001), Scotland's Census 2001, General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh.
Hirschman, C. (1983), America's melting pot reconsidered-, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 9,
Ingram, A., Seaman, C., Unis, A. and Bent, R. (2005), Succession planning within ethnic minority
family owned firms: implications for policy makers-, research paper no. 2, Scottish Centre
for Enterprise and Ethnic Business Research, Queen Margaret University College,
Jacobson, J. (1997), Religion and Ethnicity: dual and alternative sources of identity among young
British Pakistanis-, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 238-56.
Kloosterman, R., van der Leun, J. and Rath, J. (1999), Mixed embeddedness: (in)formal economic
activities and immigrant businesses in The Netherlands-, International Journal of Urban
and Regional Research, Vol. 23, pp. 252-66.
Light, I.H. (1972), Ethnic Enterprise in America: Business and Welfare among Chinese and
Japanese and Blacks, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
Light, I.H. and Gold, S.J. (2000), Ethnic Economics, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Limlingan, V.S. (1986), The Overseas Chinese in ASEAN: Business Strategies and Management
Practices, Vita Development Corp., Manila.
Linehan, L. and Sosna, E. (2003), Engaging Black and Minority Ethnic Entrepreneurs in Business
Support, The DTI, SBS, Astar.
Mambula, C. and Swayer, F. (2004), Acts of entrepreneurial creativity for business growth and
survival in a constrained economy: case study of a small manufacturing firm (SMF)-,
International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 31 No. 1, pp. 30-55.
Massay, D.S. and Espinosa, K.E. (1997), What's driving Mexico-US migration? A theoretical,
empirical and policy analysis-, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 102 No. 4, pp. 939-99.
Morrison, A. (2001), Entrepreneurs transcend time: a biographical analysis-, Management
Decision, Vol. 39 No. 9, pp. 784-91.
Murphy, E., Young, M. and Jackson, C. (2004), Finance for Small Firms: An Eleventh Report,
Bank of England, London.
Netto, G., Arshad, R., de Lima, P., Diniz, F.A., MacEwen, M., Patel, V. and Syed, R. (2001), Audit
of Research on Minority Ethnic Issues in Scotland from a Race- Perspective, Scottish
Executive Central Research Unit, Edinburgh.
NSO (2001), Focus on ethnicity and identity-, available at: www.statistics.gov.uk/focuson/
Oppenheim, A.N. (1992), Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement,
Pinter Publications, London.
Palloni, A., Massev, D.S., Ceballos, M., Espinosa, K.E. and Spittel, M. (2001), Social capital and
international migration: a test using information on family networks-, American Journal of
Sociology, Vol. 106 No. 5, pp. 1262-98.
Park, R.E. (1926), Our racial frontier on the Pacific-, Survey, Vol. 56, pp. 192-6.
Phizacklea, A. and Ram, M. (1995), Ethnic entrepreneurship in comparative perspective-,
International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 48-58.
Ram, M. and Carter, S. (2003), Paving professional futures: ethnic minority accountants in the
United Kingdom-, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 21 No. 1, pp. 55-71.
Ram, M. and Deakins, D. (1995), African-Caribbean Entrepreneurship in Britain, University of
Central England Business School, Birmingham.
Ram, M. and Jones, T. (1998), Ethnic Minorities in Business, Open University Press,
Ram, M. and Smallbone, D. (2001), Ethnic minority enterprise: policy in practice-, report for the
Small Business Service, London.
Ram, M. and Smallbone, D. (2003), Policies to support ethnic minority enterprise: the English
experience-, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 15, pp. 151-66.
Ram, M., Sanghera, B., Abbas, T. and Barlow, G. (2000), Training and ethnic minority firms:
the case of the independent restaurant sector-, Education _ Training, Vol. 42 Nos 4/5,
Razin, E. (2002), Conclusion: the economic context, embeddedness and immigrant
entrepreneurs-, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 8
Nos 1/2, pp. 162-7.
Sanders, J.A. (2002), Ethnic boundaries and identity in plural societies-, Annual Review of
Sociology, Vol. 28, pp. 327-57.
Scottish Executive (2005a), Experience of people who relocate to Scotland, inception meeting-,
Scottish Executive, 20 June.
Scottish Executive (2005b), Scotland is the place-, available at: www.scotlandistheplace.com/
stitp/sitp_displayHome.jsp?p_applic _ CCC&p_service _ Content.show&pContentID _ 80&
Shin, E.H. (2000), An analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal variations in types of
voluntary associations in the Korean American community-, Sociology Analysis, Vol. 49,
Smallbone, D., Ram, M., Deakins, D. and Baldock, R. (2003), Access to finance by ethnic minority
business in the UK-, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 291-314.
Smallbone, D., Bertotti, M. and Ekanem, I. (2005), Diversification in ethnic minority business:
the case of Asians in London's creative industries-, Journal of Small Business and
Enterprise Development, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 41-56.
Stevenson, H.H. and Jarillo, J.C. (1990), A paradigm of entrepreneurship: entrepreneurial
management-, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 17-27.
Welsh, R., Bent, R., Seaman, C. and Ingram, A. (2004), The challenge to c-stores: Edinburgh
South Asian responses-, International Journal of Retail, Vol. 31 No. 8, pp. 408-17.
Yinger, J.M. (1985), Ethnicity-, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 11, pp. 151-80.
Zhang, Y. (2000), Learning function and small business growth-, Managerial Auditing Journal,
Vol. 15 No. 5, pp. 228-32.
Zhou, M. and Bankston, C.L.I. (1998), Growing Up American: How Vietnamese Children Adapt to
Life in the United States, Russell Sage Found, New York, NY.||