What are the effects of group based exercise interventions, on exercise and metabolic related outcomes, in patients with Schizophrenia who are receiving atypical antipsychotic medication: A review of the literature
(2013) What are the effects of group based exercise interventions, on exercise and metabolic related outcomes, in patients with Schizophrenia who are receiving atypical antipsychotic medication: A review of the literature, no. 86.
Aims: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of group based exercise intervention on exercise and metabolic related outcomes in schizophrenic patients who are currently taking atypical antipsychotic medications. Methods: A series of key word phrases were derived using the United States National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and searched for via a series of databases including PubMed, CINAHL, Google Scholar, Cochrane and MEDLINE. Research of all methodological quality and published after the year 2000 was considered for this review. Data extraction tables were used to critically analyse the final articles accordingly. Results: 7 articles met the inclusion criteria. All studies included within the review found positively significant results in at least 1 outcome analysed and all studies recorded weight loss in participants participating in an exercise intervention. There is a lack of evidence base which provides long term follow up post intervention to establish any significant long term effect. Few studies evaluated both exercise and metabolic related outcomes. Discussion: The evidence remains unclear as to the optimal exercise intervention, dosage and setting in the treatment of metabolic risk factors in this patient population. It must be noted however that all studies showed positive results in terms of weight loss. Future research must establish the long term effects of exercise on both exercise and metabolic related outcomes in order to establish the optimal treatment strategy.