Investigating the sports and physical activity participation of children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy.
(2013) Investigating the sports and physical activity participation of children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy., no. 80.
A literature review was conducted to investigate the participation of children with Cerebral Palsy in community based sports and physical activities. A comprehensive search of 5 databases including the BJOT Index & reference list retrieved 197 papers, 13 of which met criteria and were relevant for critique. As this paper intended to investigate the participation of children with cerebral palsy in sports and physical activities an ecological framework was used to organize relevant papers into those studies that considered the consequences of inactivity, the diversity and frequency of participation, that activity preferences of children and adolescents, the predictors of participation and the barriers and facilitators to participation. Results: Children with Cerebral Palsy participate less frequently in sports and physical activities than the general population making them more likely to lead sedentary lives and placing them most at risk of becoming overweight, obese and at risk of experiencing poor physical, emotional health and wellbeing. Gross Motor Function Levels, Manual Ability Classification, pain, cognitive functioning, personal and environmental factors have all been found to influence the diversity, intensity and frequency of participation in community based sports and physical activities. Conclusions: The literature reviewed did not give any insight into the role Occupational Therapists in the UK play in promoting the participation of children with CP in sports and physical activities or identify any interventions focused on promoting participation in physical activities. Therefore a quantitative cross-sectional descriptive study using a postal questionnaire to gather data is proposed to identify if pediatric Occupational therapists are providing these types of interventions. Keywords: Occupational Therapy, Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), participation in sports, leisure and physical activities, children, adolescents and cerebral palsy (CP).