An evaluation of whether falls prevention education, with older community living adults, can contribute to a reduction in falls.
(2014) An evaluation of whether falls prevention education, with older community living adults, can contribute to a reduction in falls., no. 68.
Background: Accidental falls account for high rates of emergency hospital admissions, hip fractures and hospital bed days with additional estimated costs of £73 million to the NHS. Adults aged 65 years and above are considered most vulnerable, with a higher risk of falling; with demographic changes predicting a significant rise in the elderly, over the next 20 years, prevention is therefore urgent. Especially when considering that many falls might have been prevented and that they are simply not an inevitable process of aging. Current Scottish policies have acknowledged the issue of falls, emphasising the importance of tackling this issue, in collaboration with healthcare professionals, through preventative strategies. Process: A review of the literature will investigate and evaluate whether education, as a stand-alone intervention, can contribute towards a reduction in falls, relevant to older adults living in the community. In addition, it will discuss: methods of education, behaviour modification as a prevention strategy and an exploratory comparison between single dedicated education and multicomponent interventions. The findings of the reviewed literature have informed the proposed research. Method: A quantitative study is proposed to determine if education can sustain the well-elderly from falling, by raising risk awareness and falls knowledge. This will be achieved through use of a randomised control trial; both the experimental and the control group's knowledge will be measured using a questionnaire; self-recorded data will also be gathered, from a falls monitoring calendar, in order to identify existence of falls events during a 6-months time frame. Limitations: It is expected that this proposed study will contribute to establishing a valuable evidence-base within Occupational Therapy.