The majority of individuals with chronic pain report moderate or high levels of physical activity: an observational study.
(2017) The majority of individuals with chronic pain report moderate or high levels of physical activity: an observational study., no. 38.
Questions: 1. What proportions of individuals with chronic pain (CP) have low, moderate or high levels of physical activity (PA)? 2. Does PA differ between CP diagnoses? 3. Are PA levels in individuals with CP related to depression or anxiety scores? Design: Cross-sectional observational study using an online survey shared by CP social media websites. Participants: 196 self-selected consenting participants completed the survey. Included participants had experienced CP lasting beyond 3 months and were over 16 years old. Various participants (total n = 33) were excluded from analyses due to scoring protocols. Outcome Measures: Demographics questionnaire and 5 outcome measures: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short Form); Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form); Pattern of Activity Measure-Pain; Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia; Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 42. Results: Total PA, CP diagnostic subgroups, depression and anxiety scores were analysed. Of 164 participants, 42.7% demonstrated low levels of PA, 34.1% demonstrated moderate levels of PA and 23.2% demonstrated high levels of PA. The majority (57.3%) reported moderate or high levels of PA. All but one diagnostic group showed moderate levels of PA. There was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.37) between diagnostic groups. Significant inverse correlations were found between total PA scores and depression (rho = -0.249, p<0.05) and anxiety (rho = -0.206, p<0.05) scores. Conclusion: The majority of individuals with CP reported moderate or high levels of PA. PA did not differ between CP diagnoses. High levels of PA were associated with low levels of depression and anxiety and vice versa.