An investigation into the effect of attachment, emotional abuse and self-esteem on the prevalence of schizotypal traits in a non-clinical sample
Murphy, S. (2014) An investigation into the effect of attachment, emotional abuse and self-esteem on the prevalence of schizotypal traits in a non-clinical sample, no. 54.
Schizotypy is a constellation of traits found in the general population which resemble those seen in schizophrenia. These 'schizotypal' beliefs and experiences have been associated with a history of trauma, and are also recognised as a risk factor for the transition to psychosis and the development of schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to examine relationships between schizotypy (and its sub-components), experiences of emotionally abusive parent rearing behaviours, attachment and self-esteem in a non-clinical sample. A correlation study was conducted using the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire Brief (SPQ-B), the EMBU, the Relationships Questionnaire (RQ) and the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) respectively. A total of 311 participants took part in the study and completed all questionnaires. Standard multiple regression analysis found that rejection from the female caregiver, secure, fearful and preoccupied attachment and self-esteem predicted 41.7% of the variance in schizotypy. The significance of these findings and future implications are discussed. Keywords: Schizotypy; Attachment; Childhood Trauma; Emotional Abuse; Self-Esteem