|dc.description.abstract||The production of speech is a highly complex process, and speakers typically produce 6 errors
per 100 words. Previous research addressing the cause of such errors has largely overlooked the
idea that personality may be associated with disfluencies in speech, despite evidence that those
with schizophrenia and other thought disorders exhibit odd speech characteristics.
73 participants between the ages of 19 and 78 completed the Schizotypal Personality
Questionnaire (SPQ) and two running speech tasks: a commentary task during a five minute
segment of a silent film, and a recall task following another five minute segment. Speech data
was transcribed and disfluencies were counted, and the rate of disfluencies calculated.
Correlative statistics revealed no correlation between the total SPQ score and the rate of
disfluencies, however there was a significant negative correlation between the score on the SPQ
and the rate of disfluencies on the recall task (N=73, r=.251, p<.05). Additionally, a significant
task effect was observed, with participants demonstrating increased disfluencies on the recall task
compared to the commentary task, and a proportionately higher rate of hesitations compared to
repairs on the recall task.
A more accurate means of analysing the SPQ and detailed acoustic analysis of disfluencies are
required in this field of research to further the understanding of the cause of disfluencies in