The Effects of a Brief Mindfulness Training on Verbal Short-Term Memory and Visuospatial Bootstrapping
Previous research has demonstrated measurable benefits of mindfulness-based interventions on memory performance, including working memory and attentional improvements. Training in mindfulness encompasses becoming more receptive and attentive to present moment experiences. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a brief mindfulness intervention on verbal short-term memory and visuospatial bootstrapping. Participants were randomly allocated either to a mindfulness intervention group or a control group and were tested before and after partaking in a brief mindfulness meditation or a control exercise. Results of the present study indicate no significant effect of the intervention on measures of verbal short-term memory and visuospatial bootstrapping. Furthermore, the results highlight that the brief mindfulness meditation was successful in inducing a mindful state. The visuospatial bootstrapping effect was replicated both prior- and post-intervention with a smaller effect after the intervention. Limitations and implications of the present research as well as future directions of research are discussed.