Exploring the impact of working in an online context on the use of Humanistic Music Therapy and McCormack and McCance’s Person-centred Practice Framework: A Narrative Review
There has been a rising focus on person-centredness in healthcare over the last ten years. At the same time, the recent social restrictions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have prompted an increased amount of online access to mental health services. Due to the sudden nature of this transition to remote working, there is relatively little research that examines how music therapy and person-centred care may be affected by work in an online setting. This narrative literature review explores the impact of an online context on the use of a humanistic music therapy approach and McCormack and McCance’s Person-centred Practice Framework. Selected literature was reviewed using principles of iterative thematic analysis as described by Braun and Clarke (2006). This is set alongside personal reflections on practice-based learning experiences of working as a music therapist in an online context. These reflections were undertaken using introspective reflexivity as described by Finlay (2003) and synthesized with the findings of the narrative literature review. Themes identified through analysis include personhood, presence, and being-in-relation. As online ways of working become more common, it is increasingly important to gain an understanding of how this may affect music therapy. This literature review offers some first steps towards that understanding.