Chronic kidney disease and renal replacement therapy: An overview for the advanced clinical practitioner
Price, Ian N.
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Price, I.N. and Wood, A.F. (2022) ‘Chronic kidney disease and renal replacement therapy: An overview for the advanced clinical practitioner’, British Journal of Nursing, 31(3), pp. 124-134.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal failure (CRF), is a common, globally significant condition, with associated significant mortality and morbidity. Due to the disease prevalence, advanced clinical practitioners (ACPs) in a variety of primary and secondary care settings will encounter patients with this diagnosis who will require care and treatment. This article examines definitions of CKD, describes a clinical approach to a patient with CKD, including key history and examination findings, and provides a brief overview of renal replacement strategies for the patient with end-stage renal failure. ACPs require a thorough understanding of this condition and the key elements of treatment and care in this population.