Mycoprotein as novel functional ingredient: Mapping of functionality, composition and structure throughout the Quorn fermentation process.
Munialo, Claire D
Clegg, Paul S
Euston, Stephen R
MetadataShow full item record
Food chemistry, volume 396, page 133736, article-number S0308-8146(22)01698-3
This study provides the first mapping of mycoprotein functionality, composition and structure throughout the Quorn fermentation process. The fermentation broth, RNA-reduced broth (RNA-broth), centrate and their centrifugation deposits and supernatants were characterised. The broth, RNA-broth and their deposits displayed high concentrations of fungal filaments, which contributed to their high gelling properties (with a 5,320 Pa elastic modulus reported for RNA-broth deposits gels). Foams prepared with RNA-broth and centrate supernatants via frothing exhibited high stability (380 min), with high concentrations of a foam-positive cerato-platanin reported in these samples. Emulsions prepared with the broth and broth supernatant showed high emulsifying activity and stability indexes (12.80 m /g and 15.84 mins for the broth supernatant) and low oil droplet sizes (18.09 µm for the broth). This study identified previously unreported gelling, foaming and/or emulsifying properties for the different Quorn streams, highlighting opportunities to develop novel sustainable alternatives to animal-derived functional ingredients using mycoprotein material. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.]