Hypertension care in demographic surveillance sites: a cross-sectional study in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Viet Nam.
Tan, Min Min
Dewi, Fatwa St
Quyen, Bui Tt
Hanifi, Sayed Ma
Su, Tin Tin
MetadataShow full item record
Geldsetzer, P., Tan, M.M., Dewi, F., Quyen, B., Juvekar, S., Hanifi, S., Roy, S., Asgari-Jirhandeh, N., Reidpath, D. and Su, T.T. (2022) ‘Hypertension care in demographic surveillance sites: a cross-sectional study in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Viet Nam’, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 100(10), pp. 601–609. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.22.287807.
To determine the proportion of adults with hypertension who reported: (i) having been previously diagnosed with hypertension; (ii) taking blood pressure-lowering medication; and (iii) having achieved hypertension control, in five health and demographic surveillance system sites across five countries in Asia. Data were collected during household surveys conducted between 2016 and 2020 in the five surveillance sites in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Viet Nam. We defined hypertension as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg or taking blood pressure-lowering medication. We defined hypertension control as systolic blood pressure < 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg. We disaggregated hypertension awareness, treatment and control by surveillance site, and within each site by sex, age group, education, body mass index and smoking status. Of 22 142 participants, 11 137 had hypertension (Bangladesh: 211; India: 487; Indonesia: 1641; Malaysia: 8164; and Viet Nam: 634). The mean age of participants with hypertension was 60 years (range: 19-101 years). Only in the Malaysian site were more than half of individuals with hypertension aware of their condition. Hypertension treatment ranged from 20.8% (341/1641; 95% CI: 18.8-22.8%) in the Indonesian site to 44.7% (3649/8164; 95% CI: 43.6-45.8%) in the Malaysian site. Less than one in four participants with hypertension had achieved hypertension control in any site. Hypertension awareness, treatment and control were generally higher among women and older adults. While hypertension awareness and treatment varied widely across surveillance sites, hypertension control was low in all sites. [Abstract copyright: (c) 2022 The authors; licensee World Health Organization.]
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 IGO (CC BY 3.0 IGO)
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Prevalence of and factors associated with multimorbidity among 18 101 adults in the South East Asia Community Observatory Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Malaysia: a population-based, cross-sectional study of the MUTUAL consortium Tan, Michelle M C; Prina, A Matthew; Muniz-Terrera, Graciela; Mohan, Devi; Ismail, Roshidi; Assefa, Esubalew; Keinert, Ana Á M; Kassim, Zaid; Allotey, Pascale; Reidpath, Daniel; Su, Tin Tin (BMJ Publishing Group, 2022-12-23)Objectives: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with multimorbidity in a community-dwelling general adult population on a large Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) scale. Design: Population-based ...
What have birth cohort studies asked about genetic, pre- and perinatal exposures and child and adolescent onset mental health outcomes? A systematic review Thompson, Lucy; Wilson, P.; Pritchett, P.; Minnis, H.; Toms-Whittle, L.; Puckering, C.; Law, James; Gillberg, C. (Springer Verlag, 2010-01-01)Increased understanding of early neurobehavioural development is needed to prevent, identify, and treat childhood psychopathology most effectively at the earliest possible stage. Prospective birth cohorts can elucidate the ...
Estimating the contribution of transmission in primary healthcare clinics to community-wide TB disease incidence, and the impact of infection prevention and control interventions, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa McCreesh, Nicky; Karat, Aaron S.; Govender, Indira; Baisley, Kathy; Diaconu, Karin; Yates, Tom A.; Houben, Rein M. G. J.; Kielmann, Karina; Grant, Alison D.; White, Richard (BMJ, 2022-04-08)Background: There is a high risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) transmission in healthcare facilities in high burden settings. WHO guidelines on tuberculosis (TB) infection prevention and control (IPC) recommend a ...