A narrative review of staff views about dementia care in hospital through the lens of a systems framework
Duah-Owusu White, Mary
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Duah-Owusu White, M. and Kelly, F. (2022) ‘A narrative review of staff views about dementia care in hospital through the lens of a systems framework’, Journal of Research in Nursing, p. 174498712211421. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/17449871221142104.
Background: Significant numbers of people with dementia are admitted into acute settings. They are likely to face poor health outcomes during hospitalisation. There is the need to fully understand the care provided to people with dementia through novel methods such a systems approach (i.e. human interactions, policy, environment and equipment). Aim: The aim of this literature review is to explore hospital practitioners’ views on dementia care and to analyse findings using a systems approach. Methods: We conducted a narrative review of primary studies that examined dementia care in acute settings. We analysed a total of 33 papers using Thomas and Harden’s thematic synthesis guidelines. Results: Thirty-three papers met the inclusion criteria for the review. The findings were as follows: (1) staff-patient relationships (e.g. coping with difficult behaviour), (2) staff–family relationships (e.g. the benefits of involving families in patient care), (3) staff–staff relationships (e.g. building a robust multidisciplinary team), (4) staff–patient care decisions (e.g. decisions directly related to the patient), (5) the environment (e.g. difficulty in adjusting to the hospital environment), (6) policies (e.g. hospital bureaucratic processes) and (7) equipment (e.g. pain assessment tools). Conclusion: The paper revealed multidimensional challenges in the provision of dementia care within hospitals. We conclude that training programmes, hospital policies and processes aimed at improving outcomes for patients with dementia should adopt a systems approach which focuses on the relational, environmental, procedural and instrumental aspects of the hospital system.