The clinical impact of flash glucose monitoring, a digital health application and smart watch technology in patients with type 2 diabetes: a scoping review
Alvarez, Sergio Diez
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Diez Alvarez, S., Fellas, A., Santos, D., Sculley, D., Wynne, K., Acharya, S., Navathe, P., Girones, X. and Coda, A. (2022) ‘The clinical impact of flash glucose monitoring, a digital health application and smart watch technology in patients with type 2 diabetes: a scoping review (Preprint)’, JMIR Diabetes [Preprint]. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2196/42389.
Background: Type 2 diabetes has a growing prevalence and confers significant cost burden to the health care system. Raising the urgent need for cost effective and easily accessible solutions. The management of type 2 diabetes requires significant commitment from the patient, caregivers and the treating team to optimise clinical outcomes and prevent complications. Technology and its implications for the management of type 2 diabetes is a nascent area of research. The impact of some of the more recent technological innovations in this space such as continuous glucose monitoring, flash glucose monitoring, web-based applications and smart phone and smart watch based interactive applications have received limited attention in the research literature. Objective: This scoping review aims to explore the literature available in type 2 diabetes, flash glucose monitoring and digital health technology to improve diabetic clinical outcomes and thus inform future research in this area. Methods: A scoping review was undertaken by searching Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL databases. A second search using all identified keywords and index terms was performed on Ovid MEDLINE (January 1966 to July 2021), EMBASE (January 1980 to July 2021), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, latest issue), CINAHL (from 1982), IEEE XPlore and ACM Digital Libraries, and Web of Science databases. Results: There were very few studies that have explored the use of mobile health and Flash glucose monitoring in type 2 diabetes. These studies have explored somewhat disparate and limited areas of research, and there is a distinct lack of methodological rigor in this area of research. The 3 studies that met the inclusion criteria have addressed aspects of the proposed research question. Conclusions: This scoping review has highlighted the lack of research in this area, raising the opportunity for further research in this area, focusing on the clinical impact and feasibility of the use of multiple technologies including flash glucose monitoring in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes.