Effects of Statin Treatment on Inflammation and Cardiac Function in Heart Failure: An Adjusted Indirect Comparison Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials
Bonsu, Kwadwo Osei
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Bonsu, K.O., Reidpath, D.D. and Kadirvelu, A. (2015) ‘Effects of statin treatment on inflammation and cardiac function in heart failure: an adjusted indirect comparison meta-analysis of randomized trials’, Cardiovascular Therapeutics, 33(6), pp. 338–346. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/1755-5922.12150.
Introduction Statins are known to prevent heart failure (HF). However, it is unclear whether statins as class or type (lipophilic or hydrophilic) improve outcomes of established HF. Aims The current meta-analysis was performed to compare the treatment effects of lipophilic and hydrophilic statins on inflammation and cardiac function in HF. Outcomes were indicators of cardiac function [changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)] and inflammation [changes in highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interluekin-6 (IL-6)]. Method We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane databases until December 31, 2014 for randomized control trials (RCTs) of statin versus placebo in patients with HF. RCTs with their respective extracted information were dichotomized into statin type evaluated and analyzed separately. Outcomes were pooled with random effect approach, producing standardized mean differences (SMD) for each statin type. Using these pooled estimates, we performed adjusted indirect comparisons for each outcome. Results Data from 6214 patients from 19 trials were analyzed. Lipophilic statin was superior to hydrophilic statin treatment regarding follow-up LVEF (SMD, 4.54; 95% CI, 4.16–4.91; P < 0.001), BNP (SMD, −1.60; 95% CI, −2.56 to −0.65; P < 0.001), hsCRP (SMD, −1.13; 95% CI, −1.54 to −0.72; P < 0.001), and IL-6 (SMD, −3.75; 95% CI, −4.77 to −0.72; P < 0.001) in HF. Conclusions Lipophilic statin produces greater treatment effects on cardiac function and inflammation compared with hydrophilic statin in patients with HF. Until data from adequately powered head-to-head trial of the statin types are available, our meta-analysis brings clinicians and researchers a step closer to the quest on which statin—lipophilic or hydrophilic—is associated with better outcomes in HF.