Institutional and structural forms of HIV-related discrimination in health care: A study set in Beijing
Chan, K Y
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Yang, Y., Zhang, K.-L., Chan, K.Y. and Reidpath, D.D. (2005) ‘Institutional and structural forms of HIV-related discrimination in health care: A study set in Beijing’, AIDS Care, 17(sup2), pp. 129–140. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120500119874.
This paper presents key findings of a situational analysis of institutional and structural levels of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination in Beijing, China, with a focus on the area of health care. Initially slow to respond to the presence of HIV, China has altered its approach and enacted strict legislative protection for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). In order to determine whether this has altered discrimination against PLWHA, this study examined existing legislation and policy, and interviewed key informants working in health care and PLWHA. The overall findings revealed that discrimination in its many forms continued to occur in practice despite China's generally strong legislative protection, and it is the actual practice that is hindering PLWHAs’ access to health services. A number of legislative and policy gaps that allow discrimination to occur in practice were also identified and discussed. The paper concludes with a call to rectify specific gaps between legislation, policy and practice. An understanding of the underlying factors that drive discrimination will also be necessary for effective strategic interventions to be developed and implemented.