Identification of major common extracellular proteins secreted by Aeromonas salmonicida strains isolated from diseased fish
Munro, A. L.
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Fyfe, L., Coleman, G. & Munro, A. (1987) Identification of major common extracellular proteins secreted by Aeromonas salmonicida strains isolated from diseased fish. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 53(4), pp. 722-726.
Ten different strains of Aeromonas salmonicida that were isolated from diseased fish were grown under identical conditions (24 h at 25 degree C) in 3% (wt/vol) tryptone soya broth medium supplemented with vitamins and inorganic ions. In each case the extracellular proteins that were formed were compared by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and it was found that there were two significant common components, one with a molecular weight of 70,000 and the other with a weight of 56,000. Application of enzyme purification techniques to the supernatant fraction proteins of a culture of one of the strains resulted in the isolation of a 70-kilodalton (kDa) component, which was found to be a serine protease, and a 56-kDa component, which was hemolytic to trout erythrocytes. Rocket immunoelectrophoresis with rabbit antibodies to the isolated protease and hemolysin showed the same antigenic components in the supernatant fractions of all the cultures. These activities were assayed, and protease activity was found to vary by a factor of three, from 59 to 195 U/ml, while the range of hemolytic activity was over a narrow band, from 28 to 43 U/ml. There was an inconsistency between the immunoelectrophoretic and direct assay data in only one case. This indicated the presence of additional hemolytic activity, in addition to the 56-kDa component. The detection of large amounts of the same protease and hemolysin, two potent degradative activities, in a random series of strains of A. salmonicida suggests that they may be obligatory virulence factors in the development of furunculosis.