Antimicrobial properties of plant essential oils and essences against five important food-borne pathogens
MetadataShow full item record
Smith-Palmer, A., Stewart, J. & Fyfe, L. (1998) Antimicrobial properties of plant essential oils and essences against five important food-borne pathogens, Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 26, , ,
The antimicrobial properties of 21 plant essential oils and two essences were investigated against five important food-borne pathogens, Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. The oils of bay, cinnamon, clove and thyme were the most inhibitory, each having a bacteriostatic concentration of 0075% or less against all five pathogens. In general, Gram-positive bacteria were more sensitive to inhibition by plant essential oils than the Gram-negative bacteria. Campylobacter jejuni was the most resistant of the bacteria investigated to plant essential oils, with only the oils of bay and thyme having a bacteriocidal concentration of less than 1%. At 35 C, L. monocytogenes was extremely sensitive to the oil of nutmeg. A concentration of less than 001% was bacteriostatic and 005% was bacteriocidal, but when the temperature was reduced to 4 C, the bacteriostatic concentration was increased to 05% and the bacteriocidal concentration to greater than 1%.