Face Recognition in Eyewitness Memory
Lindsay, R. C. L.
Mansour, Jamal K.
Bertrand, M. I.
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Lindsay, R., Mansour, J., Bertrand, M., Kalmet, N. & Melsom, E. (2011) Face Recognition in Eyewitness Memory, , , no. 944, pp. 307-328, Toronto
Two types of variables impact face recognition: estimator variables that cannot be controlled and system variables that are under direct control by the criminal justice system. This article addresses some of the reasons that eyewitnesses are prone to making errors, particularly false identifications. It provides a discussion of the differences between typical facial memory and eyewitness studies and shows that the two areas generally find similar results. It reviews estimator variable effects and focuses on system variables. Traditional facial recognition researchers rarely study system variables but reveal important factors that police and policy makers should consider with regard to eyewitness identification and the courts. It concludes that there is still room for considerable improvement in identification procedures and wants to encourage more system variable research as a means of reducing wrongful convictions.