Catholics and the 2014 Referendum
Gilfillan, P. (2015) Catholics and the 2014 Referendum, Open House, , , ,
As a sociologist interested in the question whether Scottish Catholics have a preferential constitutional option for their nation, I undertook some empirical research before the 2014 Referendum among older working-class Catholics in a Fife parish within the Archdiocese of St Andrews and Edinburgh to gain some answers to a series of questions. Article appeared first in Open HouseWhile EPG registers the location and amount oftongue-palate contact, ultrasound can capture mostof the tongue contour. Previous studies have notsystematically quantified lingual coarticulationusing EPG and ultrasound simultaneously. Thisstudy used both techniques for analysing vowel-consonantcoarticulatory effects.Four speakers of Scottish English produced /VC/sequences with the consonants /p, f, t, s, l, r, k/ andthe vowels /a, i/. The difference between eachconsonant in the two vowel contexts was computedusing an EPG measure and an ultrasound measure.Additionally, temporal coarticulation was analysed,using EPG data.A significant positive correlation was observedbetween the two measures, with labial consonants,followed by /r/, having the highest values. The twotechniques also provided complementary data onlingual coarticulation. The velar stop was morecoarticulated on the EPG measure than on theultrasound measure, because EPG registered a shiftin closure location across vowel contexts, whileultrasound captured the close proximity of thetongue root across the vowel contexts. The sibilantwas more coarticulated on the ultrasound measurethan on the EPG measure, because ultrasound,unlike EPG, registered vowel-dependent differencein the tongue root. Combined EPG and ultrasounddata would be useful in future studies ofcoarticulation.