Greek Physiotherapists' Perspectives on Rehabilitation Following Total Knee Replacement: a Descriptive Survey
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Moutzouri, M., Gleeson, N., Billis, E., Tsepis, E. & Gliatis, J. (2016) Greek Physiotherapists' Perspectives on Rehabilitation Following Total Knee Replacement: a Descriptive Survey, Physiotherapy Research International, , , ,
Background and Purpose: In Greece, as in many countries, there is a scarcity of evidence in the type of physiotherapy services offered for the rehabilitation of total knee replacement (TKR). Despite the number of TKRs annually performed in Greece (over 10,000), there are no available clinical guidelines as to the content of best physiotherapy practice. The aim of this nationwide survey undertaken by physiotherapists treating TKR patients post-operatively was to record standard practice and services available in Greece. Methods: Design: cross-country survey Ten per cent of all registered physiotherapists working in public/private sectors were recruited. The developed survey comprised of questions regarding therapists' profile, protocols implemented at different stages of rehabilitation and the aims and modalities used. Results: A 58.7% response rate was achieved, where 36% (47/132) of respondents were treating patients in the inpatient phase and 64% (85/132) after hospital discharge. Patients in Greece are discharged with a home-based exercise program (56.7%) and, to a lesser extent, are referred to rehabilitation centres (13.3%). Strengthening, range of movement and functionality seemed to be the primary goals especially in the inpatient phase, whereas in the outpatient phase, apart from the larger differences identified, functionality and balance training were more frequently reported. Conclusions: No significant variations in practice were found during inpatient rehabilitation, whilst there seemed to be diversity across outpatient physiotherapy programs. The current survey suggests that patient's general health and psychological and behavioural issues are the criteria by which physiotherapists select the volume of implemented exercise and progression. However, no specific guidelines were followed. 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.