Beneficial effects of parenteral GLP-1 delivery by cell therapy in insulin-deficient streptozotocin diabetic mice
Moffett, R. C.
McCluskey, Jane T.
Hamid, M. H.
Flatt, P. R.
MetadataShow full item record
Vasu, S., Moffett, R., McCluskey, J., Hamid, M., Irwin, N. & Flatt, P. (2013) Beneficial effects of parenteral GLP-1 delivery by cell therapy in insulin-deficient streptozotocin diabetic mice, Gene Therapy, vol. 20, , pp. 1077-1084,
Parenteral delivery of long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mimetics has received much attention as a therapeutic option for diabetes. However, cell therapy-based GLP-1 treatments may provide a more physiological regulation of blood glucose. The present study assessed the effects of chronic GLP-1 delivery by cell therapy, using the GLP-1-secreting GLUTag cell line, in normoglycemic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. GLUTag cell aggregates were transplanted into the subscapular region of mice. Over 30 days, cellular transplantation gave rise to encapsulated and well-vascularized growths, which contained immunoreactive GLP-1. Cell implantation was well tolerated and had no appreciable metabolic effects in normal mice. However, transplantation significantly (P<0.001) countered excessive food and fluid intake in diabetic mice and maintained normal body weight. Circulating glucose (P<0.01) and glucagon (P<0.05) were significantly reduced and plasma insulin and GLP-1 dramatically increased. This was associated with significantly (P<0.01) improved glucose tolerance in diabetic mice. Histological examination of the pancreata of these mice revealed elevations (P<0.001) in islet and _-cell area, with reduced (P<0.001) -cell area. Increased _-cell mass reflected the enhanced proliferation relative to apoptosis. These studies emphasize the potential of chronic GLP-1 delivery by cell therapy as a potential therapeutic option for diabetes.Our Research Report for 2000-2002 reflects an outstanding level of achievement throughout the institution and demonstrates once again our high level of commitment to strategic and applied research particularly in areas that enhance the quality of life.