Psychometric properties of measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with Cerebral Palsy: A systematic review
van der Linden, Marietta
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Zanudin, A., Mercer, T., Jagadamma, K. & van der Linden, M. (2017) Psychometric properties of measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with Cerebral Palsy: A systematic review, Gait & Posture, vol. 58, , pp. 30-40,
Availability of outcome measures (OMs) with robust psychometric properties is an essential prerequisite for the evaluation of interventions designed to address gait deterioration in young people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). This review evaluates evidence for the reliability, validity and responsiveness of outcome measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with CP. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus. Articles that met the eligibility criteria were selected. Methodological quality of studies was independently rated by two raters using the modified COnsensus-based Standard for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments checklist. Strength of evidence was rated using standardised guidelines. Best evidence synthesis was scored according to Cochrane criteria. Fifty-one articles reporting on 18 distinct OMs were included for review. Best evidence synthesis indicated a moderate to strong evidence for the reliability for OMs of walking performance but conflicting evidence for the reliability of OMs of gait quality. The evidence for responsiveness for all OMs included in this review was rated as 'unknown'. The limitations of using the modified COSMIN scoring for small sample sizes are acknowledged. Future studies of high methodological quality are needed to explore the responsiveness of OMs assessing gait quality and walking performance in young people with CP. 2017 Elsevier B.V.