Three approaches to safe staffing levels
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Buchan, J. (2016) Three approaches to safe staffing levels, Nursing Standard, vol. 30, , pp. 28-28,
We have a natural experiment emerging, with different UK countries looking at different approaches to NHS nurse staffing. For example, in June, Scotland first minister Nicola Sturgeon announced that Scotland will enshrine the use of existing local nurse workforce planning tools in law. This was misrepresented in some media coverage as being about legislated staffing levels, but it actually legislates what was already common local practice: flexibility framed by tested workforce tools, underpinned by professional judgement.The results of this study suggest that Germanmonolingual listeners were more likely to perceivea global foreign accent in the native Germanspeech of consecutive bilinguals in AnglophoneCanada and the Dutch Netherlands than in thespeech of a control group of monolingual Germansin Germany.The results furthermore suggest that contactwith the native German language may have a moresignificant effect on predicting global foreignaccent in native speech than age of arrival orlength of residence. More specifically, for bothEnglish and Dutch second language groups, aglobal foreign accent was more likely to beperceived in immigrants who had less contact withtheir native German language than in those whohad more contact, although this effect was moreevident in consecutive bilinguals who immigratedafter 22 years of age.