Person-centred Leadership: a relational approach to leadership derived through action research
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Cardiff, S., McCormack, B. & McCance, T. (2018) Person-centred Leadership: a relational approach to leadership derived through action research, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(15-16), pp. 3056-3069.
Aims & Objectives: How does person-centred leadership manifest in clinical nursing. Background: Person-centred practice fosters healthful relationships and is gaining increasing attention in nursing and healthcare, but nothing is known about the influence of a person centred approach to leadership practice. Most leadership models used in nursing were originally developed outside of nursing. Design: A three year participatory action research study where participant leaders planned, researched and learned from their practice development. Methods: After an orientation phase, four action spirals focused on: critical and creative reflective inquiries into leadership practice change; leading the implementation and evaluation of a new nursing system; facilitating storytelling sessions with staff and annually reflecting on personal leadership change. Multiple data gathering methods offered insight into leadership development from several perspectives. Results: Critical and creative thematic data analysis revealed a set of attributes, relational processes and contextual factors that influenced the being and becoming of a person-centred leader. Comparing the findings with nursing leadership literature supports a conceptual framework for person-centred leadership. Conclusions: Person-centred leadership is a complex, dynamic, relational and contextualised practice that aims to enable associates and leaders achieve self-actualisation, empowerment and wellbeing.