Assessment of dietary intakes of older people and how this is affected by poor mobility.
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(2017) Assessment of dietary intakes of older people and how this is affected by poor mobility., no. 34.
Life expectancy worldwide is increasing. Due to this increase in longevity it is important to acknowledge the relationship between nutrition and mobility facing the population. Nutrition is fundamental to healthy aging, yet it is important to investigate declining health and functional capacities and how these may play a role in the onset of malnutrition. Aim/Objective: The main aim of this study is to critically assess the extent to which diet is affected by mobility limitations within the over 65 population, along with whether this population is meeting the recommendations set by government. Methods: Older adults were initially recruited from 'Places for People' a day centre in Edinburgh, however, were unable to participate. New participants of the same age were recruited through word of mouth from across Scotland and North England. Diet was assessed using a 2-day diet diary and mobility was assessed through a self-reported questionnaire. An independent t-test analysis was used to determine the relationship between mobility and 4 major areas of nutrition fat, energy, protein and calcium. Results: No significant results were obtained (p=<0.05) when looking at the relationship between most and least mobile groups alongside all four nutrients. Data showed that those who were grouped as least mobile, reached or exceeded recommended intake. Those in most mobile, under consumed in energy and calcium. Conclusion: No significant relationship between poor mobility and inadequate levels of nutrients was found in this study. However, demonstrated that the relationship between nutrition and mobility is multifactorial and requires further research. Key Words: Nutrition, Mobility, Older Adults, Osteoporosis, Sarcopenia, Frailty, Functional Limitations, Malnutrition