How can psychological science enhance the effectiveness of identification procedures? An international comparison.
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Valentine, T., Darling, S. & Memon, A. (2007) How can psychological science enhance the effectiveness of identification procedures? An international comparison., Public Interest Law Reporter, vol. 11, , pp. 21-39,
The reliability of eyewitness identification has attracted concern from the legal profession in England for at least 100 years. In 1904 a committee of enquiry was established to investigate the trials of Adolf Beck. Incredibly, on two separate occasions Adolf Beck was wrongly convicted on the basis of mistaken eyewitness identification. In both trials, multiple eyewitnesses identified Beck as a confidence trickster who stole jewellery from them. The crimes were subsequently found to have been committed by William Wyatt. The 1904 Committee of enquiry led directly to the establishment of a Court of Appeal.2