Sex and gender differences in Glaswegian /s/
Wrench, Alan A.
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Stuart-Smith, J., Timmins, C. & Wrench, A. (2003) Sex and gender differences in Glaswegian /s/, Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, , , pp. 1851-1854,
This paper presents the results of an acoustic analysis of /s/ as produced by a socially-stratified sample of 31 speakers of Glaswegian. Single spectral and whole spectrum measures together confirm a consistent effect of sex, whilst interactions of age and class in the same measures suggest that acoustic patterns indexical of gender are also present.